Intimate partner violence during COVID-19 restrictions: A study of 30 countries from the I-SHARE consortium

Campbell, Linda and Tan, Rayner K. J. and Uhlich, Maximiliane and Francis, Joel M. and Mark, Kristen and Miall, Naomi and Eleuteri, Stefano and Gabster, Amanda and Shamu, Simukai and Plasilova, Leona and Kemigisha, Elizabeth and Olumide, Adesola and Kosana, Priya and Hurtado-Murillo, Felipe and Larsson, Elin C. and Cleeve, Amanda and Calvo Gonzalez, Soraya and Perrotta, Gabriela and Fernandez Albamonte, Victoria and Blanco, Lucia and Schroeder, Johanna and Adebayo, Adedamola and Hendriks, Jacqueline and Saltis, Hanna and Marks, Michael and Wu, Dan and Morroni, Chelsea and Esho, Tammary and Briken, Peer and Hlatshwako, Takhona Grace and Ryan, Rebecca and Nik Farid, Nik Daliana and Gomez Bravo, Raquel and Van de Velde, Sarah and Tucker, Joseph D. and Consortium, I-SHARE Res (2023) Intimate partner violence during COVID-19 restrictions: A study of 30 countries from the I-SHARE consortium. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 38 (11-12). pp. 7115-7142. ISSN 0886-2605, DOI

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Intimate partner violence (IPV) causes substantial physical and psychological trauma. Restrictions introduced in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including lockdowns and movement restrictions, may exacerbate IPV risk and reduce access to IPV support services. This cross-sectional study examines IPV during COVID-19 restrictions in 30 countries from the International Sexual HeAlth and REproductive Health (I-SHARE) study conducted from July 20th, 2020, to February, 15th, 2021. IPV was a primary outcome measure adapted from a World Health Organization multicountry survey. Mixed-effects modeling was used to determine IPV correlates among participants stratified by cohabitation status. The sample included 23,067 participants from 30 countries. A total of 1,070/15,336 (7.0%) participants stated that they experienced IPV during COVID-19 restrictions. A total of 1,486/15,336 (9.2%) participants stated that they had experienced either physical or sexual partner violence before the restrictions, which then decreased to 1,070 (7.0%) after the restrictions. In general, identifying as a sexual minority and experiencing greater economic vulnerability were associated with higher odds of experiencing IPV during COVID-19 restrictions, which were accentuated among participants who were living with their partners. Greater stringency of COVID-19 restrictions and living in urban or semi-urban areas were associated with lower odds of experiencing IPV in some settings. The I-SHARE data suggest a substantial burden of IPV during COVID-19 restrictions. However, the restrictions were correlated with reduced IPV in some settings. There is a need for investing in specific support systems for survivors of IPV during the implementation of restrictions designed to contain infectious disease outbreaks.

Item Type: Article
Funders: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Sexually Transmitted Research Interest Group, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Institute for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, K24AI143471, UH3HD096929
Uncontrolled Keywords: IPV; COVID-19; Lockdown; Physical violence; Sexual coercion; Sexual assault; Sexual violence; Global; Social science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Social & Preventive Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2023 03:14
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2023 03:14

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