Effectiveness of dengue awareness calendar on indigenous population: Impact on knowledge, belief and practice

Wong, Li Ping and Rajandra, Arulvani and Abd Jamil, Juraina and Abu Bakar, Sazaly and Lin, Yulan and Lee, Hai Yen (2023) Effectiveness of dengue awareness calendar on indigenous population: Impact on knowledge, belief and practice. Healthcare, 11 (5). ISSN 2227-9032, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare11050637.

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Background: Dengue is prevalent among the indigenous community due to impoverished living conditions near the forest fringe areas and lack of health awareness. The study aims to determine the effect of a dengue awareness calendar on knowledge, belief, and practices (KBP) among the indigenous population. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in nine selected indigenous villages in Selangor, Malaysia. A dengue awareness calendar was distributed to the indigenous communities after pre-intervention. The KBP scores were compared between the pre-and post-intervention. Result: A total of 609 paired responses were obtained. Knowledge, perceived severity, cues to action, self-efficacy, and prevention practices were significantly improved after the intervention (p > 0.00). Participants with primary (Odds Ratio (OR) 2.627; 95% CI 1.338-5.160) and secondary level education (OR 2.263; 95% Cl 1.126-4.550) reported a high increment in practices score. High increments in dengue knowledge scores (OR 2.190; 95% CI 1.521-3.757, p < 0.00) were significantly more likely to report a high increment in practices score. Housewives (OR 0.535; 95% Cl 0.289-0.950), perceived severity (OR 0.349; 95% CI 0.184-0.662), and perceived susceptibility (OR 0.474; 95% CI 0.286-0.785) were significantly less likely to report an increment in prevention practices score. Conclusion: Findings inferred that the dengue awareness calendar significantly improved knowledge and practices. Our findings revealed the effectiveness of the dengue awareness calendar in dengue prevention among indigenous communities.

Item Type: Article
Funders: HICoE, Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia Higher Institution Centre of Excellence, Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia, FP0514D0025-2, MO002-2019, Kementerian Sains, Teknologi dan Inovasi
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dengue fever; Indigenous community; Knowledge; Belief; Prevention practices
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Social & Preventive Medicine
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Tropical Infectious Diseases Research and Education Centre
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2023 03:42
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2023 03:42
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/38564

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