Concerns, perceived impact, practices, preventive measures, and stress among healthcare workers during COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia

Pahrol, Muhammad Alfatih and Ismail, Rohaida and Mohamad, Nadia and Lim, Yin Cheng and Robat, Rosnawati Muhamad and Rajendiran, Sakshaleni and Thahir, Syahidiah Syed Abu and Shakor, Ameerah Su'ad Abdul and Ramly, Nurfatehar and Shaharudin, Rafiza (2023) Concerns, perceived impact, practices, preventive measures, and stress among healthcare workers during COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia. Frontiers in Public Health, 11. ISSN 2296-2565, DOI

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IntroductionHealthcare workers (HCWs) have been continually exposed to patients with COVID-19 and are at higher risk of contracting the disease. Their psychological health is important for overall wellbeing and productivity, which could lead to a reduction in human errors during the pandemic crisis. This study aimed to measure the level of concerns, work practices, adequacy of preventive measures among HCWs, and the impacts on their life and work, including mental health status during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia. MethodsAn online questionnaire was distributed randomly to 1,050 HCWs from the Ministry of Health facilities in the Klang Valley who were involved directly in managing or screening COVID-19 cases from May to August 2020. The questionnaire was divided into five domains, which were concerns, impact on life and work, practice, perceived adequacy of preventive measures, and Revised Impact of Event Scale (IES-R). Logistic regression was used to identify sociodemographic predictors of the five domains. ResultsA total of 907 respondents (86.4%) participated in this survey. Approximately half of the respondents had a low concern (50.5%), most of them had a good practice (85.1%), with 67.5% perceiving there were adequate preventive measures, and they perceived the outbreak had a low impact (92%) on their life and work. From the IES-R domain, 18.6% of respondents potentially suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). ConclusionDuring the second wave of the COVID-19 outbreak in Malaysia, HCWs practiced high levels of precautions and preventive measures because they were aware of the risk of infection as an occupational hazard. With the adequate implementation of policy and control measures, the psychological wellbeing of the majority HCWs remained well and adequately supported.

Item Type: Article
Funders: MOH under the Sustainable Environment and Climate Change Research Cluster JPP-20-030
Uncontrolled Keywords: Healthcare workers; Concerns; Perceived impact; Practices; Preventive measures; Stress; COVID-19 pandemic
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2023 07:21
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2023 07:21

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