Biochar-bacillus consortium for a sustainable agriculture: Physicochemical and soil stability analyses

Ajeng, Aaronn Avit and Abdullah, Rosazlin and Ling, Tau Chuan (2023) Biochar-bacillus consortium for a sustainable agriculture: Physicochemical and soil stability analyses. Biochar, 5 (1). ISSN 2524-7972, DOI

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Biochar has various agricultural applications, including the promising use as a carrier for beneficial microorganisms. However, most recent research has demonstrated the possible attachment or immobilization of a single bacterial species onto biochar rather than a consortium of microbes for biotechnological applications. Thus, an assessment on the potential of oil palm kernel shell (OPKS) biochar as a biofilm-producing Bacillus consortium carrier through optimization study on the operating and environmental factors influencing the biofilm adhesion was conducted using response surface methodology (RSM) and the subsequent soil stability and storage potential of the formulation. The highest Bacillus population was observed at temperature 33 degrees C, agitation speed of 135 rpm, at a neutral pH of 7.5 with 10% (w/w) of sago starch as the co-carbon source. The adhesion of Bacillus on OPKS biochar following the optimized conditions fitted pseudo-second order (PSO) of kinetic modelling (R-2 = 0.998). The optimized formulation was subjected to storage in different temperatures and in vitro soil incubation which revealed that the Bacillus biofilm-adhered OPKS biochar may be stored up to 4 months with minimum range of live Bacillus viability reaching 10(7) CFU g(-1) of biochar which is within the minimum range of acceptable biofertilizer viability (10(6) CFU mL(-1)). Formulation that is viable in room storage can be easily incorporated into current agricultural distribution networks that do not have refrigeration. This work highlighted the physicochemical and soil stability qualities of optimized Bacillus consortium adhesion on biochar for agricultural usage.Article HighlightsIntegration of biochar with consortium biofilms served as novel organic fertilizer in agriculture.The biochar-integrated biofilms persisted in challenging temperature and environment.Biochar-integrated Bacillus biofilm fertilizer fostered the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaya Impact-Oriented Interdisciplinary Research Grant (IIRG) (IIRG004-19IISS)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Process optimization; Biochar; Plant growth promoting bacteria; Adhesion kinetics; Isotherms
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2023 07:44
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2023 07:44

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