Electrical and optical properties of nickel-oxide films for efficient perovskite solar cells

Hossain, Mohammad Ismail and Hasan, A. K. Mahmud and Qarony, Wayesh and Shahiduzzaman, Md and Islam, Mohammad Aminul and Ishikawa, Yasuaki and Uraoka, Yukiharu and Amin, Nowshad and Knipp, Dietmar and Akhtaruzzaman, Md and Tsang, Yuen Hong (2020) Electrical and optical properties of nickel-oxide films for efficient perovskite solar cells. Small Methods, 4 (9). ISSN 2366-9608, DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/smtd.202000454.

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Efficient hole transport layer (HTL) is crucial for realizing efficient perovskite solar cells (PSCs). In this study, nickel-oxide (NiOX) thin-films are investigated as a potential HTL for PSCs. The NiO(X)films are prepared by electron-beam physical vapor deposition at low temperatures. The crystalline properties and the work function are determined by X-ray diffraction and photoelectric yield spectroscopy. The transmission and the complex refractive index of the films are determined by optical spectroscopy and ellipsometry. Furthermore, PSCs are fabricated and characterized. The short-circuit current density (J(sc)) of the PSC is limited by the optical loss due to the NiOx front contact. The optical losses of the front contact are quantified by optical simulations using finite-difference time-domain simulations, and a solar cell structure with improved light incoupling is designed. Furthermore, the electrical characteristics of the solar cell are simulated by finite element method simulations. As a result, it is found that the optical losses can be reduced by 70%, and the light incoupling can be improved so that theJ(SC)can be increased by up to 12%, allowing for the realization of PSCs with an energy conversion efficiency of 22%. Findings from the numerical simulations are compared with experimentally realized results.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Hong Kong Research Grants Council (152093/18E), Hong Kong Polytechnic University (G-YBVG), Hong Kong Polytechnic University Shenzhen Research Institute, Shenzhen, China (Grant Code: the science and technology innovation commission of Shenzhen) (JCY20180306173805740), DANA IMPAK PERDANA (DIP) from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (DIP-2018-007), Long Term Research Grant Scheme (LRGS) grant from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (LRGS/1/2019/UKM-UKM/6/1)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Light incoupling; Metal oxides; Nickel oxide; Numerical simulations; Perovskite solar cell
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2023 07:38
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2023 07:38
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/37493

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