Circulating branched-chain amino acids and incident heart failure in type 2 diabetes: The Hong Kong Diabetes Register

Lim, Lee-Ling and Lau, Eric S. H. and Fung, Erik and Lee, Heung-Man and Ma, Ronald C. W. and Tam, Claudia H. T. and Wong, Willy K. K. and Ng, Alex C. W. and Chow, Elaine and Luk, Andrea O. Y. and Jenkins, Alicia and Chan, Juliana C. N. and Kong, Alice P. S. (2020) Circulating branched-chain amino acids and incident heart failure in type 2 diabetes: The Hong Kong Diabetes Register. Diabetes-Metabolism Research And Reviews, 36 (3). ISSN 1520-7552, DOI

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Aim Levels of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs, namely, isoleucine, leucine, and valine) are modulated by dietary intake and metabolic/genetic factors. BCAAs are associated with insulin resistance and increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Although insulin resistance predicts heart failure (HF), the relationship between BCAAs and HF in T2D remains unknown. Methods In this prospective observational study, we measured BCAAs in fasting serum samples collected at inception from 2139 T2D patients free of cardiovascular-renal diseases. The study outcome was the first hospitalization for HF. Results During 29 103 person-years of follow-up, 115 primary events occurred (age: 54.8 +/- 11.2 years, 48.2% men, median interquartile range] diabetes duration: 5 years 1-10]). Patients with incident HF had 5.6% higher serum BCAAs than those without HF (median 639.3 561.3-756.3] vs 605.2 524.8-708.7] mu mol/L; P = .01). Serum BCAAs had a positive linear association with incident HF (per-SD increase in logarithmically transformed BCAAs: hazard ratio HR] 1.22 95% CI 1.07-1.39]), adjusting for age, sex, and diabetes duration. The HR remained significant after sequential adjustment of risk factors including incident coronary heart disease (1.24, 1.09-1.41); blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and baseline use of related medications (1.31, 1.14-1.50); HbA(1c), waist circumference, triglyceride, and baseline use of related medications (1.28, 1.11-1.48); albuminuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate (1.28, 1.11-1.48). The competing risk of death analyses showed similar results. Conclusions Circulating levels of BCAAs are independently associated with incident HF in patients with T2D. Prospective cohort analysis and randomized trials are needed to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of using different interventions to optimize BCAAs levels in these patients.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Branched-chain amino acids; Energy metabolism; Heart failure; Metabolic pathways; Prevention; Type 2 diabetes
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Medicine Department
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2023 07:07
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2023 07:07

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