A review of published literature regarding health issues of coastal communities in Sabah, Malaysia

Azzeri, Amirah and Goh, Hong Ching and Jaafar, Hafiz and Noor, Mohd Iqbal Mohd and Razi, Nurain Amirah and Then, Amy Yee-Hui and Suhaimi, Julia and Kari, Fatimah and Dahlui, Maznah (2020) A review of published literature regarding health issues of coastal communities in Sabah, Malaysia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (5). ISSN 1660-4601, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051533.

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Several of the coastal zones in Sabah, Malaysia, are isolated and inaccessible. This study aimed to review the published literature on the health status of the coastal communities in Sabah. The following four main health issues were found: (i) malaria, (ii) tuberculosis (TB), (iii) seafood poisoning, and (iv) antenatal problems. Factors associated with the risk of acquiring malarial infection in the studied coastal area were advanced age, male sex, farming as an occupation, history of travel outside the village, and rainy seasons. TB infection was primarily observed in adult men. Seafood poisoning was significantly common in Sabah. Studies have reported that tetrodotoxin and paralytic shellfish poisoning were commonly reported (30-60 cases annually). Several pregnant women in the coastal community had insufficient knowledge of the national antenatal care programme. Nonetheless, 99% of them received antenatal care at public healthcare facilities with 92% of them undergoing safe delivery. Nevertheless, a majority of the pregnant women had iodine deficiency due to low iodised salt intake. Findings from this review highlighted that the coastal communities in Sabah are experiencing significant health problems. Specific attention is required to significantly enhance the health and well-being of the individuals living in the coastal communities in Sabah.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) UK via the delivery partner Research and Innovation (UKRI) [NE/P021107/1], Universiti Malaya [IF052-2107], UK Research & Innovation (UKRI) Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) [NE/P021107/1]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health status; Coastal; Sabah
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2023 02:23
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2023 02:23
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/36836

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