A state-of-the-art review on thermochemical conversion of biomass for biofuel production: A TG-FTIR approach

Ong, Hwai Chyuan and Chen, Wei-Hsin and Singh, Yashvir and Gan, Yong Yang and Chen, Chia-Yang and Show, Pau Loke (2020) A state-of-the-art review on thermochemical conversion of biomass for biofuel production: A TG-FTIR approach. Energy Conversion and Management, 209. ISSN 0196-8904, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2020.112634.

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Effective methods of biomass characterization are needed for energy production due to the increase in biomass to bioenergy conversion capacity and the availability of various biomass sources. The utilization of biomass has been enhanced through thermochemical conversion techniques such as torrefaction, pyrolysis, and gasification. The biomass analytical techniques have been developed to decrease the time and energy required for biomass conversion performance. Thermogravimetric analyzer (TG) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic (FTIR) analytical techniques facing several limitations when applied individually. Thus, TG coupled with FTIR (TG-FTIR) was used to analyze the main parameters of biomass and improved the energy crop growing developments. In addition, TG-FTIR can determine the suitable ratio for two different biomass or coal blending during the co-pyrolysis and co-gasification to achieve the optimum synergetic interaction. In this review, thermochemical conversion processes such as torrefaction, pyrolysis, and gasification are presented. The analysis of the thermochemical conversion of biomass with the use of TG and FTIR individually are then discussed. Lastly, this review aims to discuss the applications of TG-FTIR techniques that have been applied to the analysis of evolved gas from the thermochemical processing of biomass to biofuels.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan [MOST 106-2923-E-006-002MY3], Higher Education Sprout Project, Ministry of Education
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioenergy; Thermogravimetric analyzer (TG); Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer; Torrefaction and pyrolysis; Gasification; Microalgae and lignocelluloses
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2023 06:30
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2023 06:30
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/36796

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