Clustering stock performance considering investor preferences using a fuzzy inference system

Abidin, Siti Nazifah Zainol and Jaaman, Saiful Hafizah and Ismail, Munira and Abu Bakar, Ahmad Syafadhli (2020) Clustering stock performance considering investor preferences using a fuzzy inference system. Symmetry-Basel, 12 (7). ISSN 2073-8994, DOI

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The fact that many stocks are traded in the marketplace makes the selection process of choosing the right stocks for investment crucial and challenging. In the literature on stock selection, cluster analysis-based methods have usually been used to group and to determine the best stock for investment. Many established cluster analysis-based methods often cluster stocks under consideration using the average of the variables, where stocks with similar scores are concluded as having the same performances. Nevertheless, the performance results obtained do not reflect the actual performance of the stocks. Depending only on the average score of each variable is inefficient, as market situations usually involve uncertain extreme values. Moreover, when grouping stock performance, the established clustering methods assume that investors' selection preferences are single and unclear, when actually, in reality, investors' selection preferences vary; some investors are pessimistic, while others may be more optimistic. Due to this issue, this paper presents a novel fuzzy clustering method using a fuzzy inference system to flexibly assess the consistent evaluations given to stock performance that differentiate between pessimistic and optimistic investors that are symmetrical in nature. All variables considered in this study were defined in terms of linguistic inputs, where the consensus among them was aggregated using rule bases. These rule bases provide assistance in obtaining the linguistic output, which is the actual performance of the stock. Next, each stock under consideration was ranked using the proposed novel stock selection strategy based on investors' confidence levels and preferences. The proposed method was then applied to a case study of 30 Syariah stocks listed on the Malaysian stock exchange, where the results obtained were empirically validated with established cluster analysis-based methods.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Clustering; Fuzzy inference system; Investors' preferences; Stock performance; Syariah stocks
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Divisions: Centre for Foundation Studies in Science
Centre for Foundation Studies in Science > Mathematics Division
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2023 00:34
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2023 00:34

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