Oral Candida carriage and species prevalence amongst habitual gutka-chewers and non-chewers

Javed, F. and Tenenbaum, H.C. and Nogueira, G. and Nooh, N. and Taiyeb Ali, T.B. and Samaranayake, L.P. and Al-Hezaimi, K. (2012) Oral Candida carriage and species prevalence amongst habitual gutka-chewers and non-chewers. International Wound Journal. ISSN 1742-4801,


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Oral Candida colonisation is higher in tobacco smokers as compared to non-smokers; however, it remains unknown whether or not smokeless tobacco chewers are susceptible to increased oral Candida colonisation. The aim was to determine the oral Candida carriage and species prevalence amongst habitual gutka-chewers and non-chewers in a cohort from Karachi, Pakistan. Forty-five gutka-chewers and 45 non-chewers were included. Information regarding age, sex, duration of gutka-chewing habit, daily frequency of gutka consumption, duration of placement of gutka in the mouth, daily frequency of tooth-brushing and tongue brushing was collected using a questionnaire. Oral yeast samples were collected by scraping the dorsum of the tongue and bilateral buccal mucosa with a sterile cotton swab. Identification of yeast species was performed using standard techniques. Tongue lesions were identified and recorded. Unstimulated whole salivary flow rate (UWSFR) was also measured. There was no significant difference in the mean age, UWSFR and oral Candida carriage among gutka-chewers and non-chewers. Individuals were chewing gutka since 4·4 years and were consuming five gutka sachets daily. Candida albicans (C. albicans) was the most common yeast species isolated from 57·8 gutka-chewers and 64.4 non-chewers. In 24.4 gutka-chewers and 22·2 non-chewers, two candidal strains (C. albicans and Candida tropicalis) were isolated. In conclusion, the present results indicated no significant difference in oral Candida carriage in habitual gutka-chewers and non-chewers. © 2012 The Authors. International Wound Journal © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd and Medicalhelplines.com Inc.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 26 August 2012 Source: Scopus Article in Press Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Javed, F.; College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, P. O. Box 60169, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabemail: fawjav@gmail.com
Uncontrolled Keywords: Candida Gutka Smokeless tobacco
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Oral Pathology & Oral Medicine & Periodontology
Depositing User: Mr Ahmad Azwan Azman
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2012 06:29
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2012 06:29
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/3656

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