Cerebral white matter microstructural changes in isolated maxillofacial trauma and associated neuropsychological outcomes

Sreedharan, S. and Veeramuthu, V. and Hariri, Firdaus and Hamzah, Norhamizan and Ramli, N. and Narayanan, Vairavan (2020) Cerebral white matter microstructural changes in isolated maxillofacial trauma and associated neuropsychological outcomes. International Journal Of Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery, 49 (9). pp. 1183-1192. ISSN 09015027, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2020.03.002.

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Isolated traumatic maxillofacial injury without concomitant brain injury may cause delayed post-concussive symptoms. Early identification allows optimal diagnosis, prognostication, and therapeutic intervention. The aim of this prospective observational study was to investigate longitudinal microstructural changes of the white matter (WM) tracts based on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) indices in patients with isolated maxillofacial injuries, immediately and 6 months post-trauma, and to correlate these DTI indices with neuropsychological changes observed. Twenty-one patients with isolated maxillofacial injuries and 21 age-matched controls were recruited. DTI was performed and indices were calculated for 50 WM tracts. The neuropsychological evaluation was done using the screening module of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery. Patients were subjected to repeat DTI and neuropsychological evaluation at 6 months post-trauma. Reduced fractional anisotropy (FA) and increased median (MD) and radial diffusivity (RD) in the acute phase were seen in major association, projection, and commissural fibre bundles, indicative of vasogenic oedema. These changes correlated with attention and executive function deficits in the acute phase, as well as improvement in memory and visuospatial function in the chronic phase. Isolated maxillofacial trauma patients develop WM microstructural damage, which may impair cognitive performance acutely and over time. DTI indices can serve as predictive imaging biomarkers for long-term cognitive deficits in isolated maxillofacial injuries.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaya (Grant No. PPPC/C1-2016/DGJ/01)
Uncontrolled Keywords: maxillofacial injury; diffusion tensor imaging; microstructural changes; traumatic brain injury; neuropsychology
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Neurosurgery Department
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2023 02:42
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2023 02:42
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/36464

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