Elucidating Mental Health Disorders among Rohingya Refugees: A Malaysian Perspective

Kaur, Kushilpal and Sulaiman, Ahmad Hatim and Yoon, Chee Kok and Hashim, Aili Hanim and Kaur, Manveen and Hui, Koh Ong and Sabki, Zuraida Ahmad and Francis, Benedict and Singh, Sarbhan and Gill, Jesjeet Singh (2020) Elucidating Mental Health Disorders among Rohingya Refugees: A Malaysian Perspective. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (18). ISSN 1660-4601, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186730.

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Mental health disorders (MHDs) among refugees has been recognized as a major public health issue. However, to date, there is limited evidence on the prevalence of MHDs among Rohingya refugees in Malaysia. This study aimed to examine the prevalence and associated factors of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among Rohingya refugees in Malaysia. A total of 220 refugees were randomly selected to participate in this cross-sectional study, conducted from June 2019 to November 2019. Perceived social support, religious orientation, food security, and sociodemographic characteristics were assessed as independent variables. The dependent variables assessed were MDD, GAD, and PTSD. The prevalence of GAD, PTSD, and MDD was reported at 92 (41.8%), 84 (38.2%), and 71 (32.3%). Several factors were significantly associated with MDD following multivariate analysis such as perceived low to moderate social support (AOR = 2.17; 95% CI 1.13, 4.19) and food insecurity (AOR = 2.77; 95% CI 1.19, 6.47). Exposure to violence (AOR = 38.46; 95% CI 16.27, 90.91) and food insecurity (AOR = 3.74; 95% CI 1.41, 9.91) were significantly associated with PTSD. Addressing these risk factors could be key in improving mental health outcomes among this vulnerable population.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mental health disorders; Refugees; Rohingya
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Physiology Department
Faculty of Medicine > Psychological Medicine Department
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2023 06:14
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2023 06:14
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/36442

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