Attitudes toward epilepsy in East Malaysia using the Public Attitudes Toward Epilepsy (PATE) scale

Chia, Zhi-Jien and Lim, Kheng-Seang and Fong, Si Lei and Sim, Rachel Siew-Hung and Rajahram, Giri Shan and Narayanan, Vairavan and Tan, Chong-Tin (2020) Attitudes toward epilepsy in East Malaysia using the Public Attitudes Toward Epilepsy (PATE) scale. Epilepsy & Behavior, 110. ISSN 15255050, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.


Background: Epilepsy stigma is an important issue affecting people with epilepsy (PWE) in various social aspects of life. Most studies on stigma were among the metropolitan population but rarely on indigenous people. Hence, this study aimed to understand the attitudes toward epilepsy of the East Malaysians, comparing with the West Malaysians previously reported. Method: This study was performed among the indigenous people in Kuching and Sibu (Sarawak) and Kota Kinabalu (Sabah) using the Public Attitudes Toward Epilepsy (PATE) scale. A higher score indicates poorer attitude. Result: A total of 360 respondents (41.7% Kadazan-Dusun, 30.6% Bidayuh, and 24.7% Iban) aged 34.6 +/- 12.6 years completed the questionnaire. They were predominantly females and had lower education level and income-compared with the West Malaysians. The Sabah population had significantly lower mean scores (better attitudes) than those in Sarawak, in both personal and general domains (p < .001). As compared with West Malaysia, the mean score in the personal domain was significantly lower in Sabah, while Sarawak had significantly higher scores in general domain (p < .001). Subanalysis showed that the Sabah population had better attitudes toward marriage and employment in PWE than the West Malaysians, whereas Sarawak had poorer attitudes toward education and social contact in PWE. Conclusion: The attitudes toward epilepsy were different among the indigenous populations in Sabah and Sarawak, and from the West Malaysians, which could be attributable to their sociocultural differences. (c) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaya (Grant No. RP052A-17HTM, RP052C-17HTM)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Epilepsy; Stigma; Indigenous; Sabah; Sarawak
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Medicine Department
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2023 13:18
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2023 13:25

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item