Growth and morphological characterisation of tropical thermophilic bacterium parageobacillus caldoxylosilyticus ER4B

Ching, Xin Jie and Najimuddin, Nazalan and Cheah, Yoke Kqueen and Wong, Clemente Michael Vui Ling (2021) Growth and morphological characterisation of tropical thermophilic bacterium parageobacillus caldoxylosilyticus ER4B. Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology, 11 (2). pp. 51-61. ISSN 2229-9769, DOI

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Parageobacillus caldoxylosilyticus is a rod-shaped thermophilic bacterium that can grow optimally at high temperatures. The thermophilic features of the bacterium are expected to be largely accounted by the production of thermostable enzymes which has valuable applications in many fields. However, growth study on this species is very limited and the growth conditions at high temperatures remained unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the morphological and growth characterisation of Parageobacillus caldoxylosilyticus, including growth media preferences, optimal growth temperature, and construction of growth curve. P. caldoxylosilyticus strain ER4B that was isolated from oil palm empty fruit bunch compost was characterised in this study. The bacterial strain was firstly identified based on 16S rRNA gene sequence, and the subsequent sequence similarity search showed that it is closest to P. caldoxylosilyticus strain UTM6. It is found that ER4B grew best in Lennox Broth as compared to Reasoner’s 2A Broth, Trypticase Soy Broth, and Nutrient Broth media. Further tests were conducted and the optimum growth temperature of the strain was determined to be at 64 °C. The bacterium forms mucoid circular punctiform colonies that are yellowish and with diameter of 2 mm to 4 mm. It is a Gram-positive rod-shaped bacterium that has a length ranging from 3 µm to 6 µm, with a diameter of around 0.5 µm. © 2021, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 16S ribosomal RNA;Characterization;Growth curve;Oil palm empty fruit bunch compost;Parageobacillus caldoxylosilyticus;Thermophilic bacteria
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2022 02:55
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2022 02:55

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