Transverse fluvial sedimentation in forelands: a numerical modelling approach for characterising petroleum reservoirs

Lawal, M. and Ejiga, G.E. and Yelwa, N.A. and Usman, U.A. and Garba, T.E. and Makeen, Y.M. and Mansor, H.E. (2021) Transverse fluvial sedimentation in forelands: a numerical modelling approach for characterising petroleum reservoirs. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 14 (6). ISSN 18667511, DOI

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Valley fills are important fluvial reservoir elements in producing foreland basins. The architecture, sizes and orientations of these fluvial sandbodies, however, present strong subsurface uncertainties to reservoir geologists. The well-exposed thick-bedded sandy channels and shale wedges of the Pennsylvanian Upper Breathitt Group, Central Appalachian Basin, Kentucky, provides an opportunity to construct a 3D model of the forcing factors for valley fill sedimentation styles in foreland basins. A numerical code and a geophysical software, Petrel, were used in a series of experiments to simulate the major forcing factors (sediment supply, rate of sea-level changes and rate of subsidence) of fluvial sedimentation in forelands. The subsidence rate was empirically calculated from a single-layer decompaction procedure at 40 pre-compaction porosity and 23 average subsurface porosity. Results showed that thicker sediment accumulated toward the orogen, and that sediment bodies thin down progressively away from it as a result of progradation. Varying the subsidence rates requires a simultaneous change in sediment influx from the hinterland for sedimentation style to have any significant preserved impact. Subsidence effectively forced an asymmetrical sedimentation that is tilted toward the orogen. Changes in eustasy revealed a complex environmental conditions where fluvial streams were restricted in advances and in competences to reveal any impact on sedimentation, while an increase in sediment influx resulted in aggradation and progradation farther into the basin. Overall, the impacts of sediment supply and subsidence rates show predictable fluvial styles whereas varying sea-level changes is less-predictable. These findings provide useful insights into the management of subsurface uncertainties in foreland reservoirs. © 2021, Saudi Society for Geosciences.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Petrel license, Usman Danfodiyo University, University of Manchester
Uncontrolled Keywords: central Appalachian; foreland basin; numerical model; reservoir architecture; valley fill
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Geology
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2023 00:22
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2023 00:22

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