Mediation effect of financial behaviour on financial vulnerability among b40 households

Magli, A.S. and Sabri, M.F. and Rahim, H.A. and Othman, M.A. and Nurul Shahnaz, Ahmad Mahdzan and Mohd Satar, Nurulhuda and Zakaria, R.H. and Janor, H. (2021) Mediation effect of financial behaviour on financial vulnerability among b40 households. Malaysian Journal of Consumer and Family Economics, 27 (S1). pp. 191-217. ISSN 15112802,

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Economic disadvantage tends to affect vulnerable groups among poor individuals, especially those working in the lower-income distribution sectors. Most B40 households will be much affected since they are vulnerable and can easily experience shock due to their low income. This research aims to assess the mediating effects of financial behaviour of 428 respondents from B40 households in Selangor districts on financial vulnerability using a non-probability sampling (purposive stratified sample). Regression analyses were performed using SPSS Version 26.0 to determine the influential factors and the mediating effect of financial behaviour. The financial vulnerability models’ fitness was indicated in the moderate R squares of 0.290 and 0.327, where the model explains 29.0 per cent and 32.7 per cent of the variances in financial vulnerability. Financial vulnerability was explained by the models’ factors comprising of financial literacy, financial stress, and internal locus of control in the first model as well as financial behaviour in the second model. Both models without (F = 27.6444; p = .000) and with the financial behaviour variable (F = 22.565; p = .000) were valid models based on the ANOVA output. Financial stress has a positive impact on financial vulnerability whereas internal locus of control and financial literacy have a negative influence on financial vulnerability. Financial behaviour was found to have full mediation only towards the influence of internal locus of control on financial vulnerability. Those who are considered internals have to do proper financial activities to become less financially vulnerable. Hence, doing financial activities are important for these internals in managing their financial situation. In order to help households improve their financial management, responsible practices such as good use of consumer loans, restructuring of debt, financial education, and debt consultation services should be strengthened. © 2021, Malaysian Consumer and Family Economics Association. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia [Grant No: MRUN-2019-001/4]
Uncontrolled Keywords: B40 household; Financial behaviour; Financial technology; Financial vulnerability; Locus of control
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Personal finance
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Accountancy
Faculty of Business and Economics
Faculty of Business and Economics > Department of Economics and Applied Statistics
Faculty of Business and Economics > Dept of Finance and Banking
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2023 04:58
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2023 03:46

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