Environmental sustainability in Malaysian heritage building conservation: Review of heritage legislation and policy

Mohamed Zaid, Noor Suzaini and Ghazali, Mohd Izzat and Azmi, Nur Farhana and Kamarulzaman, Putri Nabila and Akashah, Farid Wajdi (2021) Environmental sustainability in Malaysian heritage building conservation: Review of heritage legislation and policy. Malaysian Construction Research Journal, 12 (1). pp. 203-218. ISSN 1985-3807,

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Heritage building is a tangible part of cultural heritage, a physical artefact of significant value from past generations that need to be maintained and preserved for the benefit of future generations. This paper investigates the importance and relevance of triple-bottom line elements of sustainable development (social, economic and environment) integration within heritage conservation legislation and policy. A comparative review of current Malaysian and international heritage legislation and policy was made to identify existing gaps in improving the integration of sustainability elements into current heritage legislation. The Malaysian heritage legislation is extensively benchmarked against the UNESCO Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention, the United Kingdom Building Regulations and Historic Buildings 2004, the Australian Burra Charter, the United States National Historic Preservation Act 1966, the Japanese Law for the Protection of Cultural Property 1950, the Singaporean Preservation of Monuments Act 1971, and the Indonesian Cagar Budaya. The review analysis revealed that the Malaysian heritage conversation legislation is lacking integration between the environmental sustainability element, in comparison to social and economic elements of sustainable development. With over 170 buildings currently registered in the Malaysian National Heritage Council heritage list, these issues should be taken into consideration when planning the next heritage conservation procedure. The three existing heritage conservation legislation in Malaysia has no integration towards the carrying capacity element of environmental sustainability principle, while only has indirect integration for ecosystem integrity. This environmental disregard within Malaysian heritage conservation legislation should be seriously taken into account by future policy makers. © 2021, Construction Research Institute of Malaysia. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Historic Preservation Fund, Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia [Grant No: FP027-2017A]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heritage conservation; Legislation; Policy review; Sustainable development; Triple-bottom line
Subjects: T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: Faculty of the Built Environment
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2023 07:16
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2023 07:16
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/35708

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