Factors influencing COVID-19 vaccine acceptance in Indonesia: An adoption of Technology Acceptance Model

Faturohman, T. and Kengsiswoyo, G.A.N. and Harapan, H. and Zailani, Suhaiza and Rahadi, R.A. and Arief, N.N. (2021) Factors influencing COVID-19 vaccine acceptance in Indonesia: An adoption of Technology Acceptance Model. F1000Research, 10. ISSN 20461402, DOI https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.53506.2.

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Background: It is critical to understand the factors that could affect the acceptance of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine in the community. The aim of this study was to determine factors that could possibly affect the acceptance of Indonesian citizens of COVID-19 vaccination using a Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), a model how users come to accept and use a technology. Methods: An online survey was conducted between the first and fifth of November, 2020. Participants were asked to respond to questions on acceptance, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, perceived religiosity towards, and amount of information about COVID-19. This study used the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) as the framework to decide factors that affect vaccine acceptance. Structural Equation Model was employed to assess the correlation between all explanatory variables and vaccine acceptance. Mann-Whitney test and Kruskal-Wallis rank were employed to assess demographic factors associated with acceptance. Results: In total, 311 responses were included for analysis. Our TAM model suggested that high perceived usefulness significantly increased COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and high perceived ease of use significantly increased the perceived usefulness. Perceived religiosity did not substantially affect vaccine acceptance. The amount of information on COVID-19 also did not significantly affect vaccine acceptance. Our data suggested that vaccine acceptance was associated with age, type of occupation, marital status and monthly income to some degree. Conclusion: Since perceived usefulness affects vaccine acceptance, the government should focus on the usefulness of the vaccine when promoting the COVID-19 vaccine to Indonesian citizens. In addition, since perceived ease of use significantly affects users' acceptance to COVID-19 vaccine, the easier to acquire the vaccine in the community, the higher chance that the citizens are willing to be vaccinated. © 2021 Faturohman T et al.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acceptance; COVID-19 vaccine; Indonesia; Technology acceptance model
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economics
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2022 02:50
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2022 02:50
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/35699

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