Exploring the link between BMI, perceived neighbourhood environment and health behaviours in Malaysia

Majid, M.R. and Hashim Lim, Noor Hashimah and Zaman, M. and Ruslik, N. (2021) Exploring the link between BMI, perceived neighbourhood environment and health behaviours in Malaysia. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 16 (7). pp. 190-208. ISSN 1823-8556, DOI https://doi.org/10.46754/jssm.2021.10.015.

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Obesity in Malaysia has become increasingly worrying. Besides health behaviours, perceived food and built environments have also been identified as influential perceived environmental factors, health behaviours and the Body Mass Index (BMI). A conceptual model that reflects the interactions between Perceived Neighbourhood Food (PNFE), Perceived Neighbourhood Built Environment (PNBE), Diet Quality Activity (PA) and BMI was developed. Adults (n= 256) were approached to complete the questionnaires used in this study. Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses were used to validate the constructs and produce the measurement model, while Structural Equation Modelling was used to compute the causal model. The proposed perceived neighbourhood environment, health behaviours and BMI causal model was a fit. PNFE (β=.192, p=.032), DQ (β= -.194, p=.004) and PA (β= -.189, p=.010) were found to have significant direct effects on BMI, but not PNBE (β= -.117, p=.143). This result also indicates that PNFE partially mediates the relationship between DQ and BMI, mediate the relationship between PNBE and BMI. This suggests that the food environment is a highly significant predictor of BMI and should be explored more The model illustrates the implications that urban planning has on health health outcomes. © Penerbit UMT

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (Grant No. FRGS/1/2018/SSI11/UTM/02/1)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Built environment; Obesity; Public health
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Divisions: Faculty of the Built Environment
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2023 03:09
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2023 03:09
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/35636

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