Pathological complete response after neoadjuvant therapy in rectal adenocarcinoma: A 5-year follow-up

Leow, Yeen Chin and Roslani, April Camilla and Xavier, Ruben Gregory and Lee, Fei Yee (2021) Pathological complete response after neoadjuvant therapy in rectal adenocarcinoma: A 5-year follow-up. Indian Journal Of Surgery, 83 (SUPPL). pp. 768-775. ISSN 0972-2068, DOI

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Neoadjuvant therapy is the gold standard treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer. It may induce complete sterilization of tumor cell and decreases its local recurrence rate. While 15-20% of patients were found to have pathological complete response (pCR) with combined multimodal therapy, Asian data were generally scarce. pCR rate can indicate the suitability of applying the ``watch-and-wait'' strategy, which advocates deferment of surgery that can alleviate surgery-associated morbidity.To determine the percentage of pCR of rectal cancer after neoadjuvant therapy. Patients diagnosed with rectal cancer underwent treatment from 2013 to 2017 were retrieved retrospectively. Demographic data, tumor localization, pre- and post-operative pathological reports, neoadjuvant therapy, and pCR status were collected from patients' records. A total of 242 out of 259 patients were treated with definitive rectal surgery. Mean age was 67.1 years old. Chinese ethnicity and male gender were predominant (n = 131, 54.1% and n = 146, 64.3% respectively). More than half (n = 124, 51.2%) had tumor located at mid or low rectum. Histologically, moderate differentiated adenocarcinoma was predominant (n = 227, 93.8%). Merely half (n = 123, 50.8%) of the patients received neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy, but only 12 (9.8%) had a pCR. From follow-up on these 12 pCR patients, most had 2-year disease-free survival but 1 (8.3%) of the pCR had distant metastasis within 1-year post-surgery. The pathological complete response rate in our center was lower than reported. Stringent patient selection with close follow-up for patients should be carried out if the ``watch-and-wait'' strategy is implemented in our population.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rectal adenocarcinoma;Neoadjuvant therapy;Pathological complete response;Colorectal cancer
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
R Medicine > RD Surgery
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2022 06:25
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2022 06:25

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