Intracellular and exosomal microRNAome profiling of human vascular smooth muscle cells during replicative senescence

Nguyen, Diem Duong Ngoc and Zain, Shamsul Mohd and Kamarulzaman, Mohd Hamzah and Low, Teck Yew and Chilian, William M. and Pan, Yan and Ting, Kang Nee and Hamid, Aini and Kadir, Arifah Abdul and Pung, Yuh-Fen (2021) Intracellular and exosomal microRNAome profiling of human vascular smooth muscle cells during replicative senescence. American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 321 (4). H770-H783. ISSN 0363-6135, DOI

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Vascular aging is highly associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although the senescence of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) has been well established as a major contributor to vascular aging, intracellular and exosomal microRNA (miRNA) signaling pathways in senescent VSMCs have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to identify the differential expression of intracellular and exosomal miRNA in human VSMCs (hVSMCs) during replicative senescence. To achieve this aim, intracellular and exosomal miRNAs were isolated from hVSMCs and subsequently subjected to whole genome small RNA next-generation sequencing, bioinformatics analyses, and qPCR validation. Three significant findings were obtained. First, senescent hVSMC-derived exosomes tended to cluster together during replicative senescence and the molecular weight of the exosomal protein tumor susceptibility gene 101 (TSG-101) increased relative to the intracellular TSG-101, suggesting potential posttranslational modifications of exosomal TSG-101. Second, there was a significant decrease in both intracellular and exosomal hsa-miR-155-5p expression n = 3, false discovery rate (FDR) < 0.05], potentially being a cell type-specific biomarker of hVSMCs during replicative senescence. Importantly, hsa-miR-155-5p was found to associate with cell-cycle arrest and elevated oxidative stress. Lastly, miRNAs from the intracellular pool, that is, hsa-miR-664a-3p, hsa-miR6640-5p, hsa-miR-664b-3p, hsa-miR-4485-3p, hsa-miR-10527-5p, and hsa-miR-12136, and that from the exosomal pool, that is, hsa-miR-7704, were upregulated in hVSMCs during replicative senescence (n = 3, FDR < 0.05). Interestingly, these novel upregulated miRNAs were not functionally well annotated in hVSMCs to date. In conclusion, hVSMC-specific miRNA expression profiles during replicative senescence potentially provide valuable insights into the signaling pathways leading to vascular aging. NEW & NOTEWORTHY This is the first study on intracellular and exosomal miRNA profiling on human vascular smooth muscle cells during replicative senescence. Specific dysregulated sets of miRNAs were identified from human vascular smooth muscle cells. Hsa-miR-155-5p was significantly downregulated in both intracellular and exosomal hVSMCs, suggesting its crucial role in cellular senescence. Hsa-miR-155-5p might be the mediator in linking cellular senescence to vascular aging and atherosclerosis.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Education, Malaysia[FRGS/1/2015/SKK08/UNIM/03/2], Ministry of Education, Malaysia[FRGS/1/2019/SKK08/UNIM/02/2]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aging;Biomarker;Cellular communication;Stress-induced senescence;MicroRNA;Vascular disease
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2022 02:02
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2022 02:02

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