Rubber degrading strains: Microtetraspora and dactylosporangium

Basik, Ann Anni and Nanthini, Jayaram and Yeo, Tiong Chia and Sudesh, Kumar (2021) Rubber degrading strains: Microtetraspora and dactylosporangium. Polymers, 13 (20). ISSN 2073-4360, DOI

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Rubber composed of highly unsaturated hydrocarbons, modified through addition of chemicals and vulcanization are widely used to date. However, the usage of rubber, faces many obstacles. These elastomeric materials are difficult to be re-used and recovered, leading to high post-consumer waste and vast environmental problems. Tyres, the major rubber waste source can take up to 80 years to naturally degrade. Experiments show that the latex clearing proteins (Lcp) found in Actinobacteria were reportedly critical for the initial oxidative cleavage of poly(cis-1,4-isoprene), the major polymeric unit of rubber. Although, more than 100 rubber degrading strains have been reported, only 8 Lcp proteins isolated from Nocardia (3), Gordonia (2), Streptomyces (1), Rhodococcus (1), and Solimonas (1) have been purified and biochemically characterized. Previous studies on rubber degrading strains and Lcp enzymes, implied that they are distinct. Following this, we aim to discover additional rubber degrading strains by randomly screening 940 Actinobacterial strains isolated from various locations in Sarawak on natural rubber (NR) latex agar. A total of 18 strains from 5 genera produced clearing zones on NR latex agar, and genes encoding Lcp were identified. We report here lcp genes from Microtetraspora sp. AC03309 (lcp1 and lcp2) and Dactylosporangium sp. AC04546 (lcp1, lcp2, lcp3), together with the predicted genes related to rubber degradation. In silico analysis suggested that Microtetraspora sp. AC03309 is a distinct species closely related to Microtetraspora glauca while Dactylosporangium sp. AC04546 is a species closely related to Dactylosporangium sucinum. Genome-based characterization allowed the establishment of the strains taxonomic position and provided insights into their metabolic potential especially in biodegradation of rubber. Morphological changes and the spectrophotometric detection of aldehyde and keto groups indicated the degradation of the original material in rubber samples incubated with the strains. This confirms the strains' ability to utilize different rubber materials (fresh latex, NR product and vulcanized rubber) as the sole carbon source. Both strains exhibited different levels of biodegradation ability. Findings on tyre utilization capability by Dactylosporangium sp. AC04546 is of interest. The final aim is to find sustainable rubber treatment methods to treat rubber wastes.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Government of Sarawak under USM[304], Government of Sarawak under USM[PBIOLOGI.6501009], Government of Sarawak under USM[J136]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodegradation;Dactylosporangium;Genome;Latex clearing protein;Microtetraspora
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2022 04:36
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2022 04:36

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