Maternal diet during pregnancy and infant respiratory morbidity: A prospective study

Chong, Kai Ning and Chean, Hui E. and Zaki, Rafdzah Ahmad and Taib, Siti Hawa Mohd and Majid, Hazreen Abdul and Ng, Ai Kah and Eg, Kah Peng and Hng, Shih Ying and Teh, Cindy Shuan Ju and Razali, Nuguelis and Nathan, Anna Marie and de Bruyne, Jessie Anne (2021) Maternal diet during pregnancy and infant respiratory morbidity: A prospective study. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 30 (4). pp. 632-642. ISSN 0964-7058, DOI

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Maternal diet during pregnancy may impact infant respiratory morbidity. The aim was to determine the association between antenatal maternal diet and respiratory morbidity of their infants during their first 6 months of life. Methods and Study Design: This prospective cohort study included healthy mother-infant pairs. Maternal diet during the last trimester was determined with a validated food frequency questionnaire. Infant respiratory morbidity was solicited at 1, 3 and 6 months. Results: Three hundred mother-baby pairs were recruited. Maternal consumption of milk and dairy products was associated with reduced respiratory symptoms at 1 month (aOR 0.29 95% CI: 0.10, 0.86], p=0.03) and 3 months old (aOR 0.43 95% CI: 0.20, 0.93], p=0.03), while intake of confectionery items was associated with increased unscheduled doctor visits at 3 months (aOR 2.01 95% CI 1.33, 3.06], p=0.001) and increased nebuliser treatment at both 3 months (aOR 1.88 95% CI 1.12, 3.17], p=0.02) and 6 months (aOR 1.64 95% CI 1.05, 2.54], p=0.03). Finally, at 6 months, hypertensive disorders during pregnancy was associated with increased nebuliser treatment (aOR 17.3 95% CI 1.50, 199], p=0.02) while exclusive breastfeeding was associated with reduced incidence of respiratory symptoms (OR 0.47 95% CI 0.26, 0.83], p=0.01). Conclusions: Increased antenatal maternal consumption of milk and dairy products may reduce respiratory morbidity while increased consumption of confectionery items may increase respiratory morbidity in their infants during the first 6 months of life.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Malaysia Thoracic Society (MTS)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malaysia;Infection;Antenatal;Diet;Respiratory tract
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
R Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2022 07:37
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 07:37

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