Strengthening Malay power: The political and administrative developments of the Johor Sultanate until 18th century

Nordin, Mardiana (2021) Strengthening Malay power: The political and administrative developments of the Johor Sultanate until 18th century. Jebat-Malaysian Journal of History Politics and Strategic Studies, 48 (2). pp. 108-137. ISSN 0126-5644,

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The Johor Sultanate emerged in the 16th century as the heir of the Malay Sultanate of Melaka. This paper examines the consolidation of Johor's authority from its founding up to the new era of politics and administration in the 18th century. The Johor Sultanate was one of the rising powers in the Malay World. To the Malays, the nexus, focal point, and execution of power began and end with the palace. This power encompasses not only politics and administration, but the socio-economic aspects as well. With this in mind, the objective of this paper is to discuss the extent of the Johor Sultanate's enduring presence from 1528 to the 18th century (in fact, even to the present), and also explain the significance of the `sultan'as the pillar of Malay authority. The final objective is to assess how the Johor Sultanate became an influential Malay power among the competing regional and foreign powers for centuries. This paper uses the qualitative method based on historical discipline. Therefore, the library research method was used, with the author's exhaustive consultation of Malay manuscripts and authoritative secondary sources. This study found that overall, the political and administrative developments in the Johor Sultanate within the period in question saw many ups and downs. However, the sultanate endured as the symbol of Malay power from 1528 to the 18th century. The position of the `sultan' as the pillar of Malay authority remained, even with conflicts of succession and dynastic changes. Therefore, the Johor Sultanate remained among the most influential powers in the Malay World, alongside their competition such as Aceh, Jambi, the Portuguese, the Dutch, and other political entities. This was achieved through an organised political and administrative system, as well as well-planned diplomatic relations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Johor Sultanate; Power; Administrative centre; Politics and administration
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS Asia
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of History
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2022 07:21
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2022 07:21

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