Rehabilitation of acute and chronic ankle sprain for male cricketers through headway (isometric, isotonic and proprioception) exercises

Gill, Sajjad Ali and Akhtar, Tanveer and Rafiq, M. Tariq and Naseer, Abida and Javed, Saeed and Shahid, Hira (2021) Rehabilitation of acute and chronic ankle sprain for male cricketers through headway (isometric, isotonic and proprioception) exercises. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International, 33 (39B). pp. 250-264. ISSN 2456-9119, DOI

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The present study investigated that Headway (Isometric, Isotonic and Proprioception) exercises are effective for acute & chronic ankle sprain injury, which was observed through experimental research. Ninety-four amateur cricketers of age, 15-35 years (Control Injured, N=48; Headway Rehab Group N=46) with a confirmed acute or chronic ankle sprain, selected from four different cities of Punjab, Pakistan was evaluated through Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), Single Leg Balance test (SLB) and subject to a set of progressively increasing exercises on ground known as Headway rehab exercises which consisted of Isometric, Isotonic and proprioception protocols. Another group of the same level of cricketers (N=40) was managed parallel for comparisons. The Control Injured and Headway Rehab Group was left with 40 subjects each because during the course of Headway exercise eight and six subjects left the study due to their personal reasons. Comparisons of pre and post-exercise (Control Injured Group) values showed a significant increase (p<0.001) in Lateral direction reach and Posteromedial direction ( p<0.05) while the rest of the six directions showed non-significant results. Headway Rehab Group showed an overall improvement of 5.2% and 7.5% with an increase (cm) of 3.4 and 4.9 for the non-injured and injured leg respectively. However, the range of improvement in percentage for all eight directions (anterior, anterolateral, lateral, posterolateral, posterior, posteromedial, medial, anteromedial) lies between 5.7-7.1(range) and 6.3-9.6 (range) for the non-injured and injured leg respectively. Similarly, the difference between pre and post-exercise difference of two positions of non-injured leg and injured leg (closed and open eyes) in seconds were 2.9, 12.1 and 4.1, 27.7 respectively. However, the improvement percentage of two directions (closed and open eyes) of Headway Rehab Group was 44.9 and 75.3 for non-injured and 12.7 and 51.6 per cent for injured group respectively. It was evaluated through the Single Leg Balance Test and analyzed by paired sample t-test found highly significant (p<0.001). The results indicated that Headway exercises improved isometric and isotonic muscular strength, proprioception and stability that ultimately helped to recover, regaining strength and reinstall proprioception. After completing the Headway Rehab plan the subjects were followed for four months to check the recurrence and found recurrence of Control Injured Group and Headway Rehab Group was 17.5% and 12.5% respectively.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ankle sprain;Acute;Chronic;Rehabilitation;Proprioception exercises;Recurrence
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
R Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2022 07:43
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2022 07:43

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