Developing smart community based on information and communication technology: An experience of Kemaman smart community, Malaysia

Mohd Satar, NurulHuda and Saifullah, Md. Khaled and Masud, Muhammad Mehedi and Kari, Fatimah Binti (2021) Developing smart community based on information and communication technology: An experience of Kemaman smart community, Malaysia. International Journal of Social Economics, 48 (3). pp. 349-362. ISSN 0306-8293, DOI

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Purpose In light of the rapid evolution of information and communication technology (ICT), every society is faced with many issues such as social exclusion, inequality and the digital divide. Hence, there is need to solve these complex challenges without comprising any development objective. A practical solution in this regard includes establishment of a sustainable model of community development. Therefore, this paper aims to identify the role of education in promoting the awareness on the use of ICT-based infrastructure among the general public to enhance their socioeconomic status. In addition, this study sets out to establish the nexus between socioeconomic status, ICT programme as well as the awareness of Kemaman Smart Community (KSC) development project. Design/methodology/approach This paper adopted a quantitative approach based on data collected through a survey on information literacy in KSC. The logit behavioural model and structural equation model were adopted as a quantitative technique to verify the objective of the study. Findings The result of the logit behavioural model showed that education, income and age have a positive impact on the KSC programme awareness. The SEM models revealed that income level and education (especially at the tertiary level) significantly enhance the awareness of KSC project. On the contrary, poverty remains regressive towards the community awareness of KSC programmess Practical implications Information literacy and knowledge-based programme promote a more inclusive development approach. Moreover, education, socioeconomic status, information literacy and knowledge-based programme are essential to develop a smart community towards achieving a high-income nation status. Future replication of smart community project in other parts of Malaysia may need to consider these factors for a comprehensive community development strategy. Originality/value KSC is the first smart city initiative by the government of Malaysia. Besides, primary data were used in this study. The findings of the study will provide academics and policymakers a better understanding of the smart city initiative.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > Business
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economics > Department of Economics and Applied Statistics
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 17 May 2022 03:56
Last Modified: 17 May 2022 03:56

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