Validation of the geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) in the Malay language

Othman, W.N.W. and Muttalib, K.A. and Bakri, R. and Doss, J.G. and Jaafar, N. and Salleh, N.C. and Chen, S. (2006) Validation of the geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) in the Malay language. Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 66 (3). pp. 199-204. ISSN 0022-4006, DOI

[img] Text
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (574kB) | Request a copy

Download (109kB)


Objective: To translate and validate the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI into the Malay language for use in Malaysia. Methodology: The 6-Likert scale GOHAI was translated into the Malay language and self-administered on 189 subjects aged 60+. All subjects underwent oral status assessment. The measure was assessed for construct and discriminant validity, for test-retest reliability and principal component factor. Findings: Mean GOHAI score was 46.2 (SD 9.7, range 17-60). The Cronbach's alpha was 0.79. Mean GOHAI scores increased with more positive self-rated oral health and general health. The elderly with no perceived dental treatment need had higher mean GOHAI scores than those with perceived needs. There were slightly stronger inverse correlations between GOHAI scores and caries experience, number of teeth present, and number of pathologically mobile teeth. The measure demonstrated strong test-retest reliability. Eight of the 12 items had Spearman's r(3) 0.7. Only one principal factor was found at eigenvalue > 1. Using ANCOVA, self-rated perception of oral health and perceived need for dental treatment had the most significant impact on the GOHAI score. Conclusion and recommendations: The Malay language version of the GOHAI demonstrated acceptable validity and reliability and will be an important instrument to measure oral health-related quality of life among Malay-speaking Malaysians. Use of the Malay language version GOHAI should also be pursued among diverse adult age groups.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ISI Document Delivery No.: 071DC Times Cited: 10 Cited Reference Count: 16 Cited References: Tubert-Jeannin S, 2003, COMMUNITY DENT ORAL, V31, P275, DOI 10.1034/j.1600-0528.2003.t01-1-00006.x Wong MCM, 2002, J PUBLIC HEALTH DENT, V62, P78, DOI 10.1111/j.1752-7325.2002.tb03426.x *MIN HLTH MAL OR H, 2002, OR HEALTHC ELD MAL *DEP SOC WELF, 2001, NAT SEM WOM AG MAL M Atchison KA, 1998, J PUBLIC HEALTH DENT, V58, P301, DOI 10.1111/j.1752-7325.1998.tb03013.x Walter SD, 1998, STAT MED, V17, P101, DOI 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0258(19980115)17:1<101::AID-SIM727>3.3.CO;2-5 HALL WB, 1998, DECISION MAKING PE 4 Kressin NR, 1997, J PUBLIC HEALTH DENT, V57, P224, DOI 10.1111/j.1752-7325.1997.tb02979.x Dolan T A, 1997, J Dent Educ, V61, P37 ATCHISON KA, 1997, MEASUING ORAL HLTH Q, pCH7 *WHO, 1997, OR HLTH SURV BAS MET Matthias R E, 1993, Spec Care Dentist, V13, P53, DOI 10.1111/j.1754-4505.1993.tb01455.x Atchison K A, 1990, J Dent Educ, V54, P680 HUNT RJ, 1986, J DENT RES, V65, P128, DOI 10.1177/00220345860650020701 LANDIS JR, 1977, BIOMETRICS, V33, P159, DOI 10.2307/2529310 MOSLEHZADEH K, 1964, WHO ORAL HLTH COUNTR Othman, Wan-Nasir W. Muttalib, Khairlyah A. Bakri, Rugayah Doss, Jennifer G. Jaafar, Nasruddin Salleh, Natifah C. Chen, Sharon Aaphd national office Portland
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oral health GOHAI quality of life elderly reliability agreement
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Community Dentistry
Depositing User: Mr Ahmad Azwan Azman
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2012 03:29
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2021 02:59

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item