Executive function of the brain and its influences on understanding of physics concept

Abdullah, Mohd Nor Syahrir and Karpudewan, Mageswary and Tanimale, Bala Murali (2021) Executive function of the brain and its influences on understanding of physics concept. Trends in Neuroscience and Education, 24. ISSN 2452-0837, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tine.2021.100159.

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Advances in neuroscience studies have brought new insights into the development of Executive Functions (EFs) of the brain and its influence on understanding science concepts. This study was conducted to examine the relationships between three main components of EF: working memory, inhibition, set-shifting and understanding of Force concepts among adolescents. This study also investigated how gender mediates the relationships between the components of EF and understanding. Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery was used to assess students' level of working memory, inhibition, and set-shifting. The Force Concept Test measured students understanding. Smart-PLS analysis was employed to examine the relationships between the three components of EF and understanding; and how gender mediates the relationships. The result reveals that working memory significantly relates to students' understanding of Force concepts in a positive direction. On the contrary, both set-shifting and inhibition exhibit non-significant relationships. The findings also demonstrate that gender does not significantly mediate the relationships. The findings are useful for Physics teachers to guide them through designing the curriculum and opting for an appropriate pedagogical strategy considering the role of the components of EF for teaching the lessons on Force.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Research University Grant, University of Malaya [Grant No: GPF021A2020]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Executive functions; Working memory; Inhibition; Set-shifting; Physics understandin; gGender
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Faculty of Education
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 09 May 2022 02:00
Last Modified: 09 May 2022 02:00
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/34910

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