Anatomy education environment measurement inventory (AEEMI): A cross-validation study in Malaysian medical schools

Hadie, Siti Nurma Hanim and Yusoff, Muhamad Saiful Bahri and Arifin, Wan Nor and Kasim, Fazlina and Ismail, Zul Izhar Mohd and Asari, Mohd Anizam and Sulong, Husnaida Abdul Manan and Hassan, Asma' and Muda, Tg Fatimah Murniwati Tg and Abu Bakar, Yasrul Izad and Zamin, Rasheeda Mohd and Ramli, Elvy Suhana Mohd and Hod, Rafidah and Talip, Saiful Bahri and Noor, Ku Mastura Ku Mohd and Merican, Yusoff Sharizal Yusoff Azmi and Azmi, Muhammad Fairuz and Latiff, Atikah Abdul and Rushaidhi, Madihah (2021) Anatomy education environment measurement inventory (AEEMI): A cross-validation study in Malaysian medical schools. BMC Medical Education, 21 (1). ISSN 1472-6920, DOI

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BackgroundThe Anatomy Education Environment Measurement Inventory (AEEMI) evaluates the perception of medical students of educational climates with regard to teaching and learning anatomy. The study aimed to cross-validate the AEEMI, which was previously studied in a public medical school, and proposed a valid universal model of AEEMI across public and private medical schools in Malaysia.MethodsThe initial 11-factor and 132-item AEEMI was distributed to 1930 pre-clinical and clinical year medical students from 11 medical schools in Malaysia. The study examined the construct validity of the AEEMI using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses.ResultsThe best-fit model of AEEMI was achieved using 5 factors and 26 items (chi (2) = 3300.71 (df = 1680), P <0.001, <chi> (2)/df = 1.965, Root Mean Square of Error Approximation (RMSEA) = 0.018, Goodness-of-fit Index (GFI) = 0.929, Comparative Fit Index (CFI) = 0.962, Normed Fit Index (NFI) = 0.927, Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI) = 0.956) with Cronbach's alpha values ranging from 0.621 to 0.927. Findings of the cross-validation across institutions and phases of medical training indicated that the AEEMI measures nearly the same constructs as the previously validated version with several modifications to the item placement within each factor.ConclusionsThese results confirmed that variability exists within factors of the anatomy education environment among institutions. Hence, with modifications to the internal structure, the proposed model of the AEEMI can be considered universally applicable in the Malaysian context and thus can be used as one of the tools for auditing and benchmarking the anatomy curriculum.

Item Type: Article
Funders: School of Medical Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anatomy education environment; Learning environment; Educational climate; Validity; Reliability
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2022 07:34
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2022 07:34

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