Different domains of dengue research in Malaysia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of questionnaire-based studies

Guad, Rhanye Mac and Wu, Yuan Seng and Aung, Yin Nwe and Sekaran, Shamala Devi and Wilke, Andre Barretto Bruno and Low, Wah Yun and Sim, Maw Shin and Carandang, Rogie Royce and Jeffree, Mohammad Saffree and Taherdoost, Hamed and Sunggip, Caroline and Lin, Constance Liew Sat and Murugaiah, Chandrika and Subramaniyan, Vetriselvan and Azizan, Nornazirah (2021) Different domains of dengue research in Malaysia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of questionnaire-based studies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). ISSN 1660-4601, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094474.

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This review provided a systematic overview of the questionnaire-related dengue studies conducted in Malaysia and evaluated their reliability and validity used in the questionnaires. An extensive literature search was conducted using various electronic databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, and ScienceDirect. Systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) were selected as the preferred item reporting method. Out of 88 identified dengue-related, 57 published from 2000 to April 2020 met the inclusion criteria and were included. Based on the meta-analysis, a poor mean score was obtained for knowledge (49%), attitude (44%), and preventive practice (55%). The study showed that the level of knowledge on cardinal signs and modes of transmission for dengue virus were highest among health care workers, followed by students (international and local) and lastly community residents. In treatment-seeking behaviours, only half of the respondents (50.8%) would send their child to the nearest health clinics or hospitals when a child became restless or lethargic. The acceptance rate for dengue vaccine, bacteria (Wolbachia), as a vector for dengue control and self-test diagnostic kit for dengue showed considerably high (88.4%, 70%, and 44.8%, respectively). Health belief model (HBM) constructs, such as perceived barriers, perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, self-efficacy, and perceived benefit influence prevention practices. Lastly, only 23 articles (40.3%) had piloted or pretested the questionnaire before surveying, in which three reported Cronbach's alpha coefficient (0.70-0.90). A need for active participation of communities and healthcare personnel, promotion of awareness, and safe complementary medicines, as well as assessment of psychometric properties of questionnaire use in dengue surveys in Malaysia, in order for assessing dengue reliably and valid.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaysia Sabah [SLB0181-2018] [SBK0414-2018]
Uncontrolled Keywords: dengue; Malaysia; survey; knowledge; attitude; practice; systematic review; meta-analysis
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2022 02:34
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2022 02:34
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/34604

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