Enhancing Uptake of Nature-Based Solutions for Informing Coastal Sustainable Development Policy and Planning: A Malaysia Case Study

Chee, Su Yin and Firth, Louise B. and Then, Amy Yee-Hui and Yee, Jean Chai and Mujahid, Aazani and Affendi, Yang Amri and Amir, A. Aldrie and Lau, Chai Ming and Ooi, Jillian Lean Sim and Quek, Yew Aun and Tan, Choo Eng and Yap, Tzuen Kiat and Yeap, Chin Aik and McQuatters-Gollop, Abigail (2021) Enhancing Uptake of Nature-Based Solutions for Informing Coastal Sustainable Development Policy and Planning: A Malaysia Case Study. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 9. ISSN 2296-701X, DOI https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2021.708507.

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Nature-based Solutions (NbS) have been advocated to protect, sustainably manage, and restore natural or modified ecosystems, simultaneously providing human well-being and biodiversity benefits. The uptake of NbS differs regionally with some countries exhibiting greater uptake than others. The success of NbS also differs regionally with varying environmental conditions and social-ecological processes. In many regions, the body of knowledge, particularly around the efficacy of such efforts, remains fragmented. Having an ``inventory'' or ``tool box'' of regionally-trialed methods, outcomes and lessons learnt can improve the evidence base, inform adaptive management, and ultimately support the uptake of NbS. Using Malaysia as a case study, we provide a comprehensive overview of trialed and tested NbS efforts that used nature to address societal challenges in marine and coastal environments (here referring to mangroves, seagrass, coral reefs), and detailed these efforts according to their objectives, as well as their anticipated and actual outcomes. The NbS efforts were categorized according to the IUCN NbS approach typology and mapped to provide a spatial overview of IUCN NbS effort types. A total of 229 NbS efforts were collated, representing various levels of implementation success. From the assessment of these efforts, several key actions were identified as a way forward to enhance the uptake of Nature-based Solutions for informing coastal sustainable development policy and planning. These include increasing education, training, and knowledge sharing; rationalizing cooperation across jurisdictions, laws, and regulations; enhancing environmental monitoring; leveraging on existing policies; enabling collaboration and communication; and implementing sustainable finance instruments. These findings can be used to inform the improved application and uptake of NbS, globally.

Item Type: Article
Funders: UK Research & Innovation (UKRI) Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) [NE/R002738/1], NEA PANACEA project [ 110661/2020/839628/SUB/ENV.C.2.RWS], UK Department of Food, Environment, and Rural Affairs Systems Research Programme, Newton Fund Impact Scheme [IF025-2020]
Uncontrolled Keywords: sustainable development; conservation; mangrove; seagrass; coral reefs; marine protected areas
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2022 01:53
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2022 01:53
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/34495

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