Potential of utilization of renewable energy technologies in Gulf Countries

Basha, J. Sadhik and Jafary, Tahereh and Vasudevan, Ranjit and Bahadur, Jahanzeb Khan and Al Ajmi, Muna and Al Neyadi, Aadil and Soudagar, Manzoore Elahi M. and Mujtaba, Muhammad Abbas and Hussain, Abrar and Ahmed, Waqar and Shahapurkar, Kiran and Rahman, S. M. Ashrafur and Fattah, Islam Md Rizwanul (2021) Potential of utilization of renewable energy technologies in Gulf Countries. Sustainability, 13 (18). ISSN 2071-1050, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/su131810261.

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This critical review report highlights the enormous potentiality and availability of renewable energy sources in the Gulf region. The earth suffers from extreme air pollution, climate changes, and extreme problems due to the enormous usage of underground carbon resources applications materialized in industrial, transport, and domestic sectors. The countries under Gulf Cooperation Council, i.e., Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, mainly explore those underground carbon resources for crude oil extraction and natural gas production. As a nonrenewable resource, these are bound to be exhausted in the near future. Hence, this review discusses the importance and feasibility of renewable sources in the Gulf region to persuade the scientific community to launch and explore renewable sources to obtain the maximum benefit in electric power generation. In most parts of the Gulf region, solar and wind energy sources are abundantly available. However, attempts to harness those resources are very limited. Furthermore, in this review report, innovative areas of advanced research (such as bioenergy, biomass) were proposed for the Gulf region to extract those resources at a higher magnitude to generate surplus power generation. Overall, this report clearly depicts the current scenario, current power demand, currently installed capacities, and the future strategies of power production from renewable power sources (viz., solar, wind, tidal, biomass, and bioenergy) in each and every part of the Gulf region.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Renewable energy;Bioenergy;Biomass;Solar energy;Wind energy; Gulf Cooperation Council
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2022 03:02
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2022 03:02
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/34488

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