Beneficial role of Carica papaya extracts and phytochemicals on oxidative stress and related diseases: A mini review

Kong, Yew Rong and Jong, Yong Xin and Balakrishnan, Manisha and Bok, Zhui Ken and Weng, Janice Kwan Kah and Tay, Kai Ching and Goh, Bey Hing and Ong, Yong Sze and Chan, Kok Gan and Lee, Learn Han and Khaw, Kooi Yeong (2021) Beneficial role of Carica papaya extracts and phytochemicals on oxidative stress and related diseases: A mini review. Biology-Basel, 10 (4). ISSN 2079-7737, DOI

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This review highlights the medicinal benefits of a natural remedy, the Carica papaya extracts and its phytochemicals. In this review, the potential of Carica papaya against various conditions, including cancer, inflammation, aging, healing of the skin, and lifelong diseases has been summarized and discussed. In short, more research and development should focus on this natural remedy that can potentially act as a prophylaxis against chronic diseases. Oxidative stress is a result of disruption in the balance between antioxidants and pro-oxidants in which subsequently impacting on redox signaling, causing cell and tissue damages. It leads to a range of medical conditions including inflammation, skin aging, impaired wound healing, chronic diseases and cancers but these conditions can be managed properly with the aid of antioxidants. This review features various studies to provide an overview on how Carica papaya help counteract oxidative stress via various mechanisms of action closely related to its antioxidant properties and eventually improving the management of various oxidative stress-related health conditions. Carica papaya is a topical plant species discovered to contain high amounts of natural antioxidants that can usually be found in their leaves, fruits and seeds. It contains various chemical compounds demonstrate significant antioxidant properties including caffeic acid, myricetin, rutin, quercetin, alpha-tocopherol, papain, benzyl isothiocyanate (BiTC), and kaempferol. Therefore, it can counteract pro-oxidants via a number of signaling pathways that either promote the expression of antioxidant enzymes or reduce ROS production. These signaling pathways activate the antioxidant defense mechanisms that protect the body against both intrinsic and extrinsic oxidative stress. To conclude, Carica papaya can be incorporated into medications or supplements to help manage the health conditions driven by oxidative stress and further studies are needed to investigate the potential of its chemical components to manage various chronic diseases.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaya[FP022-2018A], SEED Funding from Microbiome and Bioresource Research Strength (MBRS), Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences[MBRS/JCSMHS/02/2020]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oxidative stress;Antioxidant;Carica papaya;Inflammation; Diabetes;Cancer;Aging;Wound healing;Periodontal disease; Alzheimer’ s disease
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2022 08:13
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2022 08:13

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