Marine debris in Malaysia: A review on the pollution intensity and mitigating measures

Fauziah, Shahul Hamid and Rizman-Idid, Mohammed and Cheah, Wee and Loh, Kar-Hoe and Sharma, Sahadev and NoorMaiza, M. R. and Bordt, Michael and Praphotjanaporn, Teerapong and Samah, Azizan Abu and Sabaruddin, Johan Shamsuddin bin and George, Mary (2021) Marine debris in Malaysia: A review on the pollution intensity and mitigating measures. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 167. ISSN 0025-326X, DOI

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The launch of Roadmap towards Zero Single-use Plastics in 2018 demands baseline data on the management of marine debris in Malaysia. In 2021, Malaysia is placed 28th top plastic polluter in the world with plastic consumption at 56 kg/capita/year, therefore data on mismanaged plastic is imperative. This paper reviews the abundance and distribution of marine debris in selected Malaysian beaches over the last decade (2010-2020) and discusses issue on its management. Plastic debris on beaches in Malaysia, was reported to range from 64 items/ m2, to as high as 1930 items/m2, contributing 30-45% of total waste collected. Plastics film was the most dominant, mainly originated from packaging materials. Therefore, appropriate action including improved marine waste management system is crucial to tackle the problem, together with effective governance mechanisms. Various suggestions were proposed based on the statistical-environmental data to reduce the occurrence of marine debris in the country.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaya[RU003M2017], Universiti Malaya[SDG 14]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Marine debris;Coastal pollution;Polyethylene;Polypropylene; Ocean;Plastics
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2022 08:22
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2022 08:22

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