Theme choice in oral case presentations: Differences between medical novices and experts

Khan, Munir and Chan, Mei Yuit and Ali, Afida Mohamad and Isa, Muhammad Mohd and Narayanan, Prepageran and Abu Bakar, Zulkiflee and Yap, Ngee Thai and Foo, Yoke Loong and Hoo, Fan Kee and Hod, Rafidah (2021) Theme choice in oral case presentations: Differences between medical novices and experts. English for Specific Purposes, 63. pp. 107-119. ISSN 0889-4906, DOI

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The clinical case presentation is an important mode of professional communication as well as an academic genre in medical education. Examining both students' and experienced doctors' linguistic practices can reveal how students differ in their underlying knowledge, interpretation and execution of the case presentation that mark their novice status. In this paper, we describe differences in the use of theme in initiating sentences in case presentations produced by doctors and medical students. Theme analysis, an analysis of the linguistic elements that are used to begin a clause, was used. The data comprised 50 audio recorded oral case presentations elicited from 20 doctors and 30 students in two medical schools. Choice of theme in doctors' and students' presentations was compared. The findings show that doctors and students differ significantly in their use of specific theme types indicating their different understanding and use of the oral case presentation as well as their social position in the professional field. Indexing students' novice status are differences in the use of conjunctive adjuncts, interpersonal, existential and pronoun themes, and marked themes as overt signalling of the presentation structure. These findings contribute to provide some insight on students' learning trajectory and can inform appropriate educational interventions. (c) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Putra Malaysia[UPM/CADe/GIPP/9323657]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oral case presentation;Expert-novice language;Language for specific purposes;Medical communication;Theme analysis
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics > Communication. Mass media
R Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2022 00:59
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2022 00:59

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