Rhipicephalus tick: A contextual review for Southeast Asia

Tan, Li Peng and Hamdan, Ruhil Hayati and Hassan, Basripuzi Nurul Hayyan and Reduan, Mohd Farhan Hanif and Okene, Ibrahim Abdul-Azeez and Loong, Shih Keng and Khoo, Jing Jing and Samsuddin, Ahmad Syazwan and Lee, Seng Hua (2021) Rhipicephalus tick: A contextual review for Southeast Asia. Pathogens, 10 (7). ISSN 2076-0817, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10070821.

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Rhipicephalus species are distributed globally with a notifiable presence in Southeast Asia (SEA) within animal and human populations. The Rhipicephalus species are highly adaptive and have established successful coexistence within human dwellings and are known to be active all year round, predominantly in tropical and subtropical climates existing in SEA. In this review, the morphological characteristics, epidemiology, and epizootiology of Rhipicephalus tick species found in SEA are reviewed. There are six commonly reported Rhipicephalus ticks in the SEA region. Their interactions with their host species that range from cattle, sheep, and goats, through cats and dogs, to rodents and man are discussed in this article. Rhipicephalus-borne pathogens, including Anaplasma species, Ehrlichia species, Babesia species, and Theileria species, have been highlighted as are relevant to the region in review. Pathogens transmitted from Rhipicepahalus ticks to host animals are usually presented clinically with signs of anemia, jaundice, and other signs of hemolytic changes. Rhipicephalus ticks infestation also account for ectoparasitic nuisance in man and animals. These issues are discussed with specific interest to the SEA countries highlighting peculiarities of the region in the epidemiology of Rhipicephalus species and attendant pathogens therein. This paper also discusses the current general control strategies for ticks in SEA proffering measures required for increased documentation. The potential risks associated with rampant and improper acaricide use are highlighted. Furthermore, such practices lead to acaricide resistance among Rhipicephalus species are highlighted.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaysia Kelantan[R/STA/A0600/01351A/003/2020/00783], Ministry of Education, Malaysia[MO002-2019]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Southeast Asia;Rhipicephalus tick;Morphological features; Tick-borne diseases
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine
R Medicine > RB Pathology > Theories of disease. Etiology. Pathogenesis
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Tropical Infectious Diseases Research and Education Centre
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2022 07:27
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2022 07:27
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/34286

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