Application of agricultural waste as heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production

Khan, Haris Mahmood and Iqbal, Tanveer and Yasin, Saima and Ali, Chaudhry Haider and Abbas, Muhammad Mujtaba and Jamil, Muhammad Asif and Hussain, Abrar and M. Soudagar, Manzoore Elahi and Rahman, Muhammad Muhitur (2021) Application of agricultural waste as heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production. Catalysts, 11 (10). ISSN 2073-4344, DOI

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In this modern era, it has become essential to transform waste materials into valuables because of their excessive availability, along with achieving the targets of environmental protocols and waste management policies. With a growing population, the utilization and consumption of agricultural products have been increased extensively. In addition, it has increased the probability of agricultural waste generation. Waste produced from agricultural sources is considered as a viable source for synthesizing economical and ecofriendly catalysts and suitable ways for its disposal are sought. This study is targeted at agricultural waste-derived heterogeneous catalysts, which have been effectively employed for biodiesel generation. The types of agricultural waste, catalyst synthesis techniques, recent literature stated for agricultural waste-derived catalysts to produce biodiesel, the elemental composition and catalytic activity of agricultural waste ashes, the effect of reaction parameters to maximize biodiesel yield and catalyst reusability have been discussed. This work concludes that catalysts derived from agricultural waste are efficient in transesterification reaction, and they are easy to produce, and are cheap and ecofriendly. Moreover, this study encourages researchers to see the options for unexplored agricultural waste, which can be potentially converted into useful materials

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agricultural waste;Heterogeneous catalysts;Biodiesel;Yield
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2022 07:49
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2022 07:49

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