Aerosol climatology over South and Southeast Asia: Aerosol types, vertical profile, and source fields

Banerjee, Tirthankar and Shitole, A. S. and Mhawish, Alaa and Anand, A. and Ranjan, R. and Khan, Md Firoz and Srithawirat, T. and Latif, Mohd T. and Mall, R. K. (2021) Aerosol climatology over South and Southeast Asia: Aerosol types, vertical profile, and source fields. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 126 (6). ISSN 2169-897X, DOI

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Aerosol climatology during typical haze dominating period over South and Southeast Asia was explored using several Earth-Observing A-Train satellite products retrieved in between 2010 and 2020. Comparatively high aerosol optical depth (AOD) with dominance of fine and UV-absorbing aerosols are noted across the Indo-Gangetic plain, South Asia (IGP; AOD: 0.58; UVAI: 0.74) against weak UV-absorbing fine aerosols over Southeast Asia (SEA; AOD: 0.26; UVAI: 0.07). Among inland IGP sites, decadal mean AOD resembles in Lahore (0.72 +/- 0.45), Delhi (0.81 +/- 0.46), Kanpur (0.84 +/- 0.42), and Varanasi (0.78 +/- 0.45); all exhibiting bimodal AOD distribution with a first peak in early November followed by a second in early January. In contrast, except mainland site Chiang Mai, all SEA maritime cities resemble in having typical September-October AOD peak, with the presence of fine and UV-neutral aerosols. Urban hotspots across IGP and SEA (except Dhaka, Chiang Mai) denote a spatially consistent minor increasing trend in AOD (0.2-1.8 x 10(-2) year(-1)) while increase in UVAI is more prominent over upper IGP. Dust aerosols dominate only in Karachi (46%) against strong UV-absorbing smoke aerosols over rest of the IGP (71-91%), and UV-neutral smoke aerosols across SEA (84-92%). Vertical stratification of aerosol types is noted across IGP as in lower atmosphere (<4 km) polluted dust/urban aerosols remain abundant, with gradual decrease in dust aerosols from upper to lower IGP and consequent increase in smoke aerosols. At upper atmosphere (>4 km), however, dust aerosols clearly dominate. Over SEA, smoke are the most abundant aerosols across the atmospheric column followed by polluted dust. No evidence of intracontinental transport of aerosols from IGP to Southeast Asia or vice versa is, however, noted.

Item Type: Article
Funders: ASEAN-India Science and Technology Development Fund, Govt. of India under ASEAN-India Collaborative Research and Development Scheme[CRD/2018/000011], University Grants Commission, India[6-11/2018 IC]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aerosol type;Biomass burning;CALIPSO;Haze;Smoke aerosols
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2022 07:09
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2022 07:09

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