Heat transfer growth of sonochemically synthesized novel mixed metal oxide ZnO+Al2O3+TiO2/DW based ternary hybrid nanofluids in a square flow conduit

Ahmed, Waqar and Kazi, Salim Newaz and Chowdhury, Zaira Zaman and Bin Johan, Mohd Rafie and Mehmood, Shahid and Soudagar, Manzoore Elahi M. and Mujtaba, M. A. and Gul, M. and Ahmad, Muhammad Shakeel (2021) Heat transfer growth of sonochemically synthesized novel mixed metal oxide ZnO+Al2O3+TiO2/DW based ternary hybrid nanofluids in a square flow conduit. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 145. ISSN 1364-0321, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2021.111025.

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In the current investigation, the heat transfer development with the turbulent flow of novel metal oxide-based ternary composite nanofluids of ZnO + Al2O3+TiO2/DW at varying wt.% concentrations (0.025, 0.05, 0.075, and 0.1) in a square heat exchanger below constant heat flux conditions was discussed. The new ternary composite nanofluids were synthesized by using the sonochemical technique. The ZnO + Al2O3+TiO2/DW based ternary composite nanofluids with their respective wt. % reveals an enhancement in effective thermal conductivity and heat transfer coefficient local and average with Reynolds numbers varying from 4550 to 20,367. The extreme growth in overall effective thermal conductivity was noticed up to 1.149 W/m-K at 0.1 wt% for ternary hybrid composite nanofluids at a maximum temperature 45 degrees C. Similarly, at 0.075 wt%, 0.05 wt%, and 0.025 wt % the overall effective thermal conductivity was recorded 1.118 W/m-K, 1.091 W/m-K, and 1.079 W/m-K correspondingly, which is greater than that of base fluid (DW), with improved thermo-physical characteristics for novel ZnO + Al2O3+TiO2/DW ternary hybrid composite nanofluids. Also, it shows an improvement in local and average heat transfer with a maximum growth of 0.1 wt %. The maximum heat transfer was observed for ZnO + Al2O3+TiO2/DW based Ternary hybrid composite nanofluids at 0.1 wt % concentrations, up to 900-5700 W/m(2)K, which is 89% higher than distilled water. While, an enhancement of 900-3870 W/m(2)K, 900-3350 W/m(2)K, 900-2750 W/m(2)K were observed for the other three wt. % 0.075, 0.05 and 0.025, respectively. The study revealed that the metal oxide based ternary hybrid composites nanofluids are suitable for nano coolant applications due to improved thermophysical characteristics and also it is applicable for energy management in industrial applications.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaya, United Arab Emirates University[GPF 017A-2019], United Arab Emirates University[IF056-2019], United Arab Emirates University[31R168]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ternary nanofluids;Heat transfer;Friction loss;Nusselt (Nu) numbers;Thermal conductivity
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2022 08:21
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2022 08:21
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/34137

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