Evaluation of mosquito magnet and other collection tools for Anopheles mosquito vectors of simian malaria

Jeyaprakasam, Nantha Kumar and Pramasivan, Sandthya and Liew, Jonathan Wee Kent and Van Low, Lun and Wan Sulaiman, Wan Yusoff and Ngui, Romano and Jelip, Jenarun and Vythilingam, Indra (2021) Evaluation of mosquito magnet and other collection tools for Anopheles mosquito vectors of simian malaria. Parasites & Vectors, 14 (1). ISSN 1756-3305, DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-021-04689-3.

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Background Vector surveillance is essential in determining the geographical distribution of mosquito vectors and understanding the dynamics of malaria transmission. With the elimination of human malaria cases, knowlesi malaria cases in humans are increasing in Malaysia. This necessitates intensive vector studies using safer trapping methods which are both field efficient and able to attract the local vector populations. Thus, this study evaluated the potential of Mosquito Magnet as a collection tool for Anopheles mosquito vectors of simian malaria along with other known collection methods. Methods A randomized 4 x 4 Latin square designed experiment was conducted to compare the efficiency of the Mosquito Magnet against three other common trapping methods: human landing catch (HLC), CDC light trap and human baited trap (HBT). The experiment was conducted over six replicates where sampling within each replicate was carried out for 4 consecutive nights. An additional 4 nights of sampling was used to further evaluate the Mosquito Magnet against the ``gold standard'' HLC. The abundance of Anopheles sampled by different methods was compared and evaluated with focus on the Anopheles from the Leucosphyrus group, the vectors of knowlesi malaria. Results The Latin square designed experiment showed HLC caught the greatest number of Anopheles mosquitoes (n = 321) compared to the HBT (n = 87), Mosquito Magnet (n = 58) and CDC light trap (n = 13). The GLMM analysis showed that the HLC method caught significantly more Anopheles mosquitoes compared to Mosquito Magnet (P = 0.049). However, there was no significant difference in mean nightly catch of Anopheles mosquitoes between Mosquito Magnet and the other two trapping methods, HBT (P = 0.646) and CDC light traps (P = 0.197). The mean nightly catch for both An. introlatus (9.33 +/- 4.341) and An. cracens (4.00 +/- 2.273) caught using HLC was higher than that of Mosquito Magnet, though the differences were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). This is in contrast to the mean nightly catch of An. sinensis (15.75 +/- 5.640) and An. maculatus (15.78 +/- 3.479) where HLC showed significantly more mosquito catches compared to Mosquito Magnet (P < 0.05). Conclusions Mosquito Magnet has a promising ability to catch An. introlatus and An. cracens, the important vectors of knowlesi and other simian malarias in Peninsular Malaysia. The ability of Mosquito Magnet to catch some of the Anopheles mosquito species is comparable to HLC and makes it an ethical and safer alternative. Graphic

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia Long Term Research Grant Scheme (LRGS) [LRGS 1/2018/UM/01/1/3]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anopheles; Mosquito Magnet; Plasmodium knowlesi; Simian malaria; Trapping methods; Vector surveillance; Zoonosis
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2022 05:36
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2022 05:36
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/33938

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