Coastal meteorology on the dispersion of air particles at the Bachok GAW Station

Ab Rahim, Haasyimah and Khan, Md Firoz and Ibrahim, Zul Fadhli and Shoaib, Asadullah and Suradi, Hamidah and Mohyeddin, Noraini and Samah, Azizan Abu and Yusoff, Sumiani (2021) Coastal meteorology on the dispersion of air particles at the Bachok GAW Station. Science of The Total Environment, 782. ISSN 0048-9697, DOI

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Meteorology over coastal region is a driving factor to the concentration of air particles and reactive gases. This study aims to conduct a research to determine the level of year-round air particles and the interaction of the meteorological driving factors with the particle number and mass in 2018, which is moderately influenced by Southeast Asian haze. We obtained the measurement data for particle number count (PNC), mass, reactive gases, and meteorological factors from a Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW) station located at Bachok Marine Research Center, Bachok, Kelantan, Malaysia. For various timeseries and correlation analyses, a 60-second resolution of the data has been averaged hourly and daily and visualized further. Our results showed the slight difference in particle behavior that is either measured by unit mass or number count at the study area. Diurnal variations showed that particles were generally high during morning and night periods. Spike was observed in August for PM2.5/PNC2.5 and PM10/PNC10 and in November for PMCoarse/PNCCoarse. From a polar plot, the particles came from two distinct sources (e.g., seaside and roadside) at the local scale. Regional wind vector shows two distinct wind-blown directions from northeast and southwest. The air mases were transported from northeast (e.g., Philippines, mainland China, and Taiwan) or southwest (e.g., Sumatra) region. Correlation analysis shows that relative humidity, wind direction, and pressure influence the increase in particles, whereas negative correlation with temperature is observed, and wind speed may have a potential role on the decline of particle concentration. The particles at the study area was highly influenced by the changes in regional wind direction and speed. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya Institute of Research Management & Services (IPPP) , Malaysia[IIRG009A2019]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atmospheric particles;Coastal meteorology;Transboundary effect;Backward trajectory model;Reactive gases
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2022 05:00
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2022 05:00

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