Knowledge, attitude and practice in relation to catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) prevention: A cross-sectional study

Mong, Ivy and Ramoo, Vimala and Ponnampalavanar, Sasheela and Chong, Mei Chan and Nawawi, Wan Nor Fatihah Wan (2022) Knowledge, attitude and practice in relation to catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) prevention: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 31 (1-2). pp. 209-219. ISSN 0962-1067, DOI

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Background Healthcare-associated infection (HAI) is one of the major threats to patients' safety besides being among the principal causes of patient morbidity and mortality. Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is reported to be the most common HAI worldwide. CAUTI can be prevented with appropriate practice and care by healthcare personnel, especially nurses, who play the main role in urinary catheter care. Nurses' knowledge and attitude are considered to be important factors that influence their practice. Objectives To assess nurses' level of knowledge, attitude and perceived practice regarding CAUTI and its preventive measures. Methods A cross-sectional design was adopted, and a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Nurses from the medical and surgical inpatient wards of a tertiary teaching hospital in Malaysia were recruited in two stages using the stratified and simple random sampling methods. A total of 301 nurses participated. Descriptive analysis, an independent t test, ANOVA and hierarchical multiple regression were employed to analyse the data using SPSS software version 25. In addition, a STROBE checklist was used to report the results of this study. Results Nurses were found to have good knowledge, a positive attitude and good perceived practice regarding CAUTI prevention. Nurses aged above 30 and who had more than ten years of experience reported higher knowledge levels. Knowledge was found to be positively correlated with attitude and perceived practice; however, attitude explained a higher variance in perceived practice of CAUTI prevention compared with knowledge. Conclusion Attitude was found to have a higher significant influence on perceived practice in this study. Educators need to emphasise the inculcation of a positive attitude among nurses rather than just knowledge for CAUTI prevention. Since this study assessed perceived practice, examining nurses' actual practice and its impact on patient outcomes is recommended in future studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attitude; Catheter-associated urinary tract infection; Knowledge; Malaysian nurses; Practice
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Medicine Department
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2022 08:11
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2022 08:11

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