Improving energy harvesting efficiency of dye sensitized solar cell by using cobalt-rGO co-doped TiO2 photoanode

Ahmad, Ikhtiar and Jafer, Rashida and Abbas, Syed Mustansar and Ahmad, Nisar and Ata-ur-Rehman, Ata-ur-Rehman and Iqbal, Javed and Bashir, Shahid and Melaibari, Ammar A. and Khan, Muhammad Haleem (2022) Improving energy harvesting efficiency of dye sensitized solar cell by using cobalt-rGO co-doped TiO2 photoanode. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 891. ISSN 0925-8388, DOI

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In dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), TiO2 has long been a popular electron transport material for carrying photo-generated electrons from the dye to the outer circuit. However, increasing the electrical conductivity of TiO2 while preserving its properties is one of the most significant challenges for increasing DSSC effi-ciency. Here, cobalt-reduced graphene oxide co-doped TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by a modified sol-gel procfess that together controlled the particle size as well as narrowed bandgap of nanoparticles as determined by XRD and UV-Vis absorption measurements. The SEM and TEM were used to perform in-depth morphological characterization of the newly synthesized nanocomposites while J-V (current-voltage) curves, EIS Nyquist curves, and incident photon to current conversion efficiency (IPCE) spectra were used to examine the photovoltaic parameters. Enhanced short circuit current density (Jsc 12.83 mA cm-2), open -circuit voltage (Voc 0.618 V) and overall power conversion efficiency (PCE, eta = 5.24%) of DSSC was obtained with Co/rGO co-doped TiO2 based photoanode in comparison to bare TiO2 (eta = 3.71%), cobalt doped TiO2 (eta = 4.09%) and rGO doped TiO2 (eta = 4.43%) based DSSCs. Huge improvement in efficiency, 41% higher PEC in Co/rGO co-doped TiO2, was attributed to better utilization of visible radiations, greater dye adsorption and enhancement in charge transfer properties by suppressing the electron transport resistances. The in-corporation of rGO improved electron transfer, which compensated for recombination losses, thereby in-creasing the DSSC's Jsc. The synergetic role of rGO and transition metal helped in keeping the structure intact in the nano-assembly that enhance the photo-generated carriers. (c) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR) at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia [No.KEP 39-130-42], Higher Education Commission of Pakistan [112-24036-2PS1-357]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Titania; Reduced graphene oxide; Adsorption; Solar cell
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2022 05:02
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2022 05:02

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