Driver behavior profiling and recognition using deep-learning methods: In accordance with traffic regulations and experts guidelines

Al-Hussein, Ward Ahmed and Por, Lip Yee and Mat Kiah, Miss Laiha and Zaidan, Bilal Bahaa (2022) Driver behavior profiling and recognition using deep-learning methods: In accordance with traffic regulations and experts guidelines. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (3). ISSN 1660-4601, DOI

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The process of collecting driving data and using a computational model to generate a safety score for the driver is known as driver behavior profiling. Existing driver profiles attempt to categorize drivers as either safe or aggressive, which some experts say is not practical. This is due to the ``safe/aggressive'' categorization being a state that describes a driver's conduct at a specific point in time rather than a continuous state or a human trait. Furthermore, due to the disparity in traffic laws and regulations between countries, what is considered aggressive behavior in one place may differ from what is considered aggressive behavior in another. As a result, adopting existing profiles is not ideal. The authors provide a unique approach to driver behavior profiling based on timeframe data segmentation. The profiling procedure consists of two main parts: row labeling and segment labeling. Row labeling assigns a safety score to each second of driving data based on criteria developed with the help of Malaysian traffic safety experts. Then, rows are accumulated to form timeframe segments. In segment labeling, generated timeframe segments are assigned a safety score using a set of criteria. The score assigned to the generated timeframe segment reflects the driver's behavior during that time period. Following that, the study adopts three deep-learning-based algorithms, namely, Deep Neural Network (DNN), Recurrent Neural Network (RNN), and Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), to classify recorded driving data according to the established profiling procedure, and selects the most suitable one for a proposed recognition system. Various techniques were used to prevent the classification algorithms from overfitting. Using gathered naturalistic data, the validity of the modulated algorithms was assessed on various timeframe segments ranging from 1 to 10 s. Results showed that the CNN, which achieved an accuracy of 96.1%, outperformed the other two classification algorithms and was therefore recommended for the recognition system. In addition, recommendations were outlined on how the recognition system would assist in improving traffic safety.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Driving behavior; Driver behavior profiling; Driver performance; Deep learning; Recognition systems; Aggressive driving; Naturalistic driving
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
Divisions: Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology > Department of Computer System & Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2022 01:42
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2022 01:42

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