Global prospects, advance technologies and policies of energy-saving and sustainable building systems: A review

Akram, Md. Washim and Mohd Zublie, Muhammad Firdaus and Hasanuzzaman, Md. and Abd Rahim, Nasrudin (2022) Global prospects, advance technologies and policies of energy-saving and sustainable building systems: A review. Sustainability, 14 (3). ISSN 2071-1050, DOI

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Automation, modernization, economic development and global progress depends on efficient extraction and utilization of energy. Power generation by burning fossil fuels makes various adverse impacts on the environment. Additionally, the worldwide fossil fuel reserve is limited and depleting very fast. Hence, efficient energy usage and savings are crucial to address the environmental issues to ensure sustainable development. Buildings, both commercial and residential, represent a major energy consumption sector. Approximately 40% of the total energy is reportedly consumed in the building sector. Worldwide building energy consumption, performance measuring systems and best practices, energy-saving techniques and policies are reviewed and summarized in this article. Underfloor air distribution, double-glazed windows, use of highly efficient electric motors and variable speed drives may play a great role in reducing building energy consumption. In the UK, the application of double-glazed windows in commercial buildings can save 39-53% energy. The proper maintenance of a building's central heating system can save up to 11% energy. The automatic HVAC control system can reduce up to 20% of the building's total heating load. Proper utilization of a VSD system in motor and building performance optimization by an ANOVA tool also proved instrumental in saving energy. Apart from this, the building codes of different countries also help to improve building performance by reducing energy consumption. This study will help building researchers and policymakers to make a framework for sustainable, green building.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Higher Institution Centre of Excellence (HICoE) Program Research Grant (MOHE HICOE-UMPEDAC) [UMPEDAC-2020], Ministry of Education Malaysia, Impact Oriented Interdisciplinary Research Grant [IIRG015C-2019] [UMPEDAC-2020 (MOHE HICOE-UMPEDAC)]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy; Sustainable building system; Energy consumption; Energy saving; Energy policy
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
Divisions: Institute of Advanced Studies
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > UM Power Energy Dedicated Advanced Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2022 00:27
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2022 00:27

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