Drought tolerance improvement in Solanum lycopersicum: An insight into ``OMICS'' approaches and genome editing

Taheri, Sima and Gantait, Saikat and Azizi, Parisa and Mazumdar, Purabi (2022) Drought tolerance improvement in Solanum lycopersicum: An insight into ``OMICS'' approaches and genome editing. 3 Biotech, 12 (3). ISSN 2190-572X, DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s13205-022-03132-3.

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Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) is an internationally acclaimed vegetable crop that is grown worldwide. However, drought stress is one of the most critical challenges for tomato production, and it is a crucial task for agricultural biotechnology to produce drought-resistant cultivars. Although breeders have done a lot of work on the tomato to boost quality and quantity of production and enhance resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses, conventional tomato breeding approaches have been limited to improving drought tolerance because of the intricacy of drought traits. Many efforts have been made to better understand the mechanisms involved in adaptation and tolerance to drought stress in tomatoes throughout the years. ``Omics'' techniques, such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics in combination with modern sequencing technologies, have tremendously aided the discovery of drought-responsive genes. In addition, the availability of biotechnological tools, such as plant transformation and the recently developed genome editing system for tomatoes, has opened up wider opportunities for validating the function of drought-responsive genes and the generation of drought-tolerant varieties. This review highlighted the recent progresses for tomatoes improvement against drought stress through ``omics'' and ``multi-omics'' technologies including genetic engineering. We have also discussed the roles of non-coding RNAs and genome editing techniques for drought stress tolerance improvement in tomatoes.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Research Management and Innovation Complex, Universiti Malaya [RU004F-2020]
Uncontrolled Keywords: CRISPR; Cas9; Drought stress; Genome editing; Non-coding RNAs; Solanum lycopersicum
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Centre for Research in Biotechnology for Agriculture
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2022 01:38
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2022 01:38
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/33329

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