Psychiatric pharmaceutical care service across Malaysian hospitals: Results from a cross-sectional study

Abousheishaa, Aya Ahmed and Sulaiman, Ahmad Hatim and Huri, Hasniza Zaman and Kamis, Siti Fatimah Binti and Hamidi, Hafizah and Ang, Wei Chern and bin Zainal, Zainol Akbar and Shamsuddin, Noorasyikin and Guan, Ng Chong (2022) Psychiatric pharmaceutical care service across Malaysian hospitals: Results from a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Services Research, 22 (1). ISSN 1472-6963, DOI

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Background Psychiatric pharmaceutical care is the provision of pharmaceutical care services to patients with psychiatric related illnesses or disorders. Several studies have demonstrated the positive influence psychiatric pharmaceutical care on patients' clinical, humanistic and economic outcomes. This study aimed to examine the extent of psychiatric pharmaceutical care practice in a convenience sample of Malaysian government hospitals and the barriers to the provision of these services. Methods An anonymous cross-sectional survey of registered pharmacists working at a convenience sample of government hospitals in Malaysia was undertaken from September 2019 to June 2020. Results Pharmacists frequently ensured the appropriateness of the dose (55%), dosage form (47%) and dosing schedule (48%) of the dispensed medications. Most pharmacists infrequently worked with patients and healthcare professionals to develop a pharmacotherapeutic regimen and a corresponding monitoring plan (28%). There was no statistically significant difference in the provision of pharmaceutical care services with respect to gender, age, years of practice, and professional board certification. However, the services offered were influenced by the respondent's education and pharmacy setting. The obstacles perceived by pharmacists included lack of time (89%), shortage of pharmacy staff (87%), the patients' inability to comprehend medical information (85%), insufficient demand and acceptance by patients (82%), the lack of official policies and standardised practice protocols (78%), inaccessibility to the patients' medical records (77%) and the lack of structured communication channels between pharmacists and physicians (75%), the pharmacists lack of knowledge/skills and confidence (78%) and insufficient recognition from physicians to the pharmacists' skills (76%). Conclusions This is the first study to explore the extent and barriers of psychiatric pharmaceutical care in Malaysian hospitals; it highlighted the need for mobilising pharmacists to expand these services.

Item Type: Article
Funders: None
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psychiatric pharmaceutical services; Pharmacy services; Conventional services; Hospital pharmacy; Pharmacist; Barriers; Mental health
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine > Mental healing
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Faculty of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2022 07:38
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2022 07:38

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