Managing complications of radiation therapy in head and neck cancer patients: part VI. management of opportunistic infections

Ngeow, Wei Cheong and Chai, Wen Lin and Ramli, Roszalina and Rahman, Roslan Abdul (2006) Managing complications of radiation therapy in head and neck cancer patients: part VI. management of opportunistic infections. Singapore Dental Journal, 28 (1). pp. 19-21. ISSN 0377-5291, DOI PMID:17378338.


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Head and neck cancer is becoming a more recognizable pathology to the general population and dentists. The modes of treatment include surgery and/or radiation therapy. Where possible, pretreatment dental assessment shall be provided for these patients before they undergo radiation therapy. There are occasions, however, whereby head and neck cancer patients are not prepared optimally for radiation therapy. Because of this, they succumb to complicated oral adverse effects after radiation therapy. The last part of this series reviews the opportunistic infections that can occur to the perioral structure. Their management is briefly discussed. © 2006 Elsevier. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 7 March 2012 Source: Scopus PubMed ID: 17378338 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Ngeow, W.C.; Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: References: Chen, T.Y., Webster, J.H., Oral monilia study on patients with head and neck cancer during radiotherapy (1974) Cancer, 34, pp. 246-249; Epstein, J.B., Emerton, S., Lunn, R., Le, N., Wong, F.L.W., Pretreatment assessment and dental management of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (1999) Oral Oncol, 35, pp. 33-39; Zain, R.B., Razak, I.A., Thong, Y.L., Complications in patients receiving radiation therapy in and around the oral cavity (1989) Dent] Malaysia, 11, pp. 44-48; Epstein, J.B., Chin, E.A., Jacobson, J.J., Rishiraj, B., Le, N., The relationships among fluoride cariogenic oral flora and salivary flow rate during radiation therapy (1998) Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radial Endod, 86, pp. 286-292; Ramirez-Amador, V., Silverman Jr, S., Mayer, P., Tyler, M., Quivey, J., Candidial colonization and oral candidiasis in patients undergoing oral and pharyngeal radiation therapy (1997) Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radial Endod, 84, pp. 149-153; Ritchie JR, Brown Jr, Guerra LR, Mason G. Dental care for the irradiated cancer patient. Quintessence M 1985;16:837-42Mealey, B.L., Semba, S.E., Hallmon, W.W., The head and neck radiotherapy patient: Part 2. Management of oral complications (1994) Compendium, 15, pp. 442-452,446. , 444; Hancock, P.J., Epstein, J.B., Sadler, G.R., Oral and dental management related to radiation therapy for head and neck cancer (2003) J Con Dent Assoc, 69, pp. 585-590; Feber, T., Mouth care for patients receiving oral irradiation (1995) Prof Nurse, 10, pp. 666-670; Joyston-Bechal, S., Management of oral complications following radiotherapy (1992) Dent Update, 19, pp. 232-234,236-238; Rothwell, B.R., Prevention and treatment of the orofacial complications of radiotherapy (1987) J Am Dent Assoc, 114, pp. 316-322; Simon, A.R., Roberts, M.W., Management of oral complications associated with cancer therapy in pediatric patients (1991) ASDC J Dent Child, 58, pp. 384-389; Naylor, G.D., Terezhalmy, G.T., Oral complications of cancer chemotherapy: Prevention and management (1988) Spec Care Dentist, 8, pp. 150-156; Scully, C., Cawson, R.A., (1993) Colour guide Oral Medicine, 1-2, pp. 11-12,29-30. , Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone; Carl, W., Local radiation and systemic chemotherapy: Preventing and managing the oral complications (1993) J Am Dent Assoc, 124, pp. 119-123; Epstein, J.B., Sherlock, C.H., Wolber, R.A., Oral manifestations of cytomegalovirus infection (1993) Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol, 75, pp. 443-451
Uncontrolled Keywords: Angular cheilitis Candidiasis Infection Radiation therapy Virus cheilitis head and neck tumor herpes simplex human microbiology opportunistic infection radiotherapy review thrush xerostomia Candidiasis, Oral Head and Neck Neoplasms Humans Opportunistic Infections
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Depositing User: Dr Wei Cheong Ngeow
Date Deposited: 07 May 2012 01:29
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2020 01:21

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