Psychological distress among cancer survivors during implementation of a nationwide movement control order over the COVID-19 pandemic

Wong, Li Ping and Lai, Lee Lee and See, Mee Hoong and Alias, Haridah and Danaee, Mahmoud and Ting, Chuo Yew and Tok, Peter Seah Keng (2021) Psychological distress among cancer survivors during implementation of a nationwide movement control order over the COVID-19 pandemic. Supportive Care in Cancer, 29 (10). pp. 6087-6097. ISSN 0941-4355, DOI

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Objectives This study aimed to investigate the psychological distress and its associated factors among cancer survivors in Malaysia during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods An anonymous Internet-based study was conducted between 23 April and 26 June 2020. During the study period, the country underwent phase 3 and phase 4 of the Movement Control Order (MCO), Conditional Movement Control Order (CMCO), and Recovery Movement Control Order (RMCO). Psychological distress was measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), which is a 14-item self-assessment scale for measuring distress (total HADS score; HADS-T) with two subscales, namely, anxiety (HADS-A) and depression (HADS-D). Perceived threat of infection was measured based on the health belief model. Results From a total of 631 responses received, the proportion of participants with anxiety and depression symptoms (above threshold score of 8 on HADS-A and HADS-D) was 29.0 and 20.9%, respectively. Psychological distress (HADS-T > 16) was reported in 22.3% of the respondents. A total of 16.5% had combined anxiety and depression symptoms. The highest HADS-A (6.10; 95% CI 5.64-6.56), HADS-D (5.61; 95% CI 5.14-6.08), and HADS-T (11.71; 95% CI 10.84-12.58) scores were reported among respondents during phase 4 of the MCO. Partial least square-based structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) revealed that self-perceived health status, perceived susceptibility, and severity of COVID-19 have the greatest effect, leading to higher HADS-A, HADS-D, and HADS-T scores. Conclusion Heightened psychological distress was evident in cancer survivors particularly during the enforcement of the MCO over COVID-19. Providing support to address cancer survivors' psychological and emotional needs during the COVID-19 pandemic is essential.

Item Type: Article
Funders: None
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cancer survivors; COVID-19 pandemic; Psychological distress
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2022 06:43
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2022 06:43

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