WRISTOX2 is a reliable tool to diagnose obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome

Thavagnanam, Surendran and H'ng, Shih Ying and Nathan, Anna Marie and Eg, Kah Peng and Chinna, Karuthan and Turbirin, Siti Hajar bte and Bruyne, Jessie Anne de (2021) WRISTOX2 is a reliable tool to diagnose obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 151. ISSN 0165-5876, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2021.110930.

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Introduction: Overnight pulse oximetry is an alternative to polysomnography (PSG) in diagnosing obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome, but its sensitivity is reported to be low. Aims: To determine the (a) diagnostic accuracy, interobserver reliability and reliable oxygen desaturation index of 4% (ODI4) score at diagnosing obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome in children and (b) correlation between the apnoea hypopnoea index (AHI) with ODI4 and oxygen nadir between both PSG and oximetry. Methods: This cross-sectional study included children aged 1-18 years old, undergoing a fully attended overnight PSG for suspected obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. The Nonin 3150 WristOx2 TM Fig. 2] was worn simultaneously during the PSG. Poor oximetry recordings were excluded. Pulse oximetry was scored using the McGill Oximetry Score (MOS) whereby a score of 2-4 was positive for OSAS. Specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive values (PPV), negative predictive values (NPV) and interobserver reliability of the WristOx2 were calculated. Results: One hundred and sixty-two children with a mean (SD) age of 9.3 (+/- 3.5) years (range 2 years 6 months old - 17 years old) were included after excluding 18 children (poor oximetry data n = 16] and incomplete PSG n = 2]). Interobserver agreement of the WristOx2 was 0.8763 (95% CI:0.80, 0.95). WristOx2 had a sensitivity 50%, specificity 96.7%, PPV 96% and NPV 53% at diagnosing OSAS. ODI4 >= 2 events/hour in oximetry had a sensitivity of 97.6% and negative predictive value of 85.7% at diagnosing OSA. Conclusion: Overnight pulse oximetry with the Nonin 3150 WristOx2 TM is an accurate and reliable tool in diagnosing significant OSAS in children.

Item Type: Article
Funders: None
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oximetry; Malaysia; Children; OSAS; Sensitivity
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2022 02:27
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2022 02:27
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/28773

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